Glossary of Music 15 - Ch. 3 Harmony
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- Groves - The combining of notes simultaneously, to produce chords, and successively, to produce chord progressions.
Before 16c. - Result of layering melody/counterpoint
After 16c. - Relation btwn melody and bass line (continuo)
- Groves - The simultaneous sounding of two or more notes.
Text/Lecture - Sumultaneous sounding of three or more pitches.
- Chord Progression
- One chord to the next, any sequence of chords.
- Collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order.
Tones of most frequently used western scale:
syllables - do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-ti-do
numbers - 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8
do-re 1-2 second
do-mi 1-3 third
do-do 1-8 OCTAVE
- do-do 1-8
- Most common chord in western music. A certain combination of three tones.
Can be built on any step (degree) of the scale by combining every other note.
- More important than other tones.
First tone of the scale: Do, 1
Serves as a home base around which the other tones revolve and gravitate towards.
- The principle of organization around a central tone, the tonic.
Choose particular scale (eg. key of C) as the basis of a piece.
- Major and minor scales
- Two different types of scales commonly found after 1600. Characterized by the intervals on which they are built.
- Describes melodies or harmonies that are built from tones of a major or minor scale.
- Describes the full gamut of notes available on the octive.
- Harmonic progression/movement
- Generated by motion toward a goal or a feeling of resolution.
Shapes the forward movement, providing focus and direction.
- Combo of tones that sound discordant, unstable, and in need of resolution.
Introduces the tension and suspense into music and harmonic progression
- Combo of tones that provides a sense of relaxation and fulfillment.
Resolution to dissonance.
- A single sustained tone.
Element of far eastern cultures where harmony takes subsidiary role.
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