Glossary of Music 15 - Ch. 3 Harmony

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Groves - The combining of notes simultaneously, to produce chords, and successively, to produce chord progressions.

Before 16c. - Result of layering melody/counterpoint
After 16c. - Relation btwn melody and bass line (continuo)
Groves - The simultaneous sounding of two or more notes.

Text/Lecture - Sumultaneous sounding of three or more pitches.
Chord Progression
One chord to the next, any sequence of chords.
Collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order.

Tones of most frequently used western scale:
syllables - do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-ti-do
numbers - 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8

do-re 1-2 second
do-mi 1-3 third
so on...
do-do 1-8 OCTAVE

do-do 1-8
Most common chord in western music. A certain combination of three tones.

Can be built on any step (degree) of the scale by combining every other note.

1-3-5 do-mi-sol
2-4-6 re-fa-la
so on...
More important than other tones.

First tone of the scale: Do, 1

Serves as a home base around which the other tones revolve and gravitate towards.
The principle of organization around a central tone, the tonic.

Choose particular scale (eg. key of C) as the basis of a piece.
Major and minor scales
Two different types of scales commonly found after 1600. Characterized by the intervals on which they are built.
Describes melodies or harmonies that are built from tones of a major or minor scale.
7 tones.
Describes the full gamut of notes available on the octive.
12 tones.
Harmonic progression/movement
Generated by motion toward a goal or a feeling of resolution.
Shapes the forward movement, providing focus and direction.
Combo of tones that sound discordant, unstable, and in need of resolution.

Introduces the tension and suspense into music and harmonic progression
Combo of tones that provides a sense of relaxation and fulfillment.
Resolution to dissonance.
A single sustained tone.

Element of far eastern cultures where harmony takes subsidiary role.

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