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Glossary of Music: Chapters 2 and 3

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Rhythm
Time aspect of music
Beat
Unit of measure in music
Accent
Emphasis on certain beats
Sforzando
forcing
Meter
Strong and weak beat pattern repeated
Measure
A way of organizing the specific meter on paper
Simple Meters
Organized into 2's and 3's
Compound Meter
Involves a subdivision of the 2 simple meters
Syncopation
Displacement of the beat
Tempo
Speed in music
Adagio
Slow
Andante
Walking speed
Moderato
Moderate
Allegretto
A little fast
Allegro
Happy; Lively
Presto
Hurried
Largo, Lento
Slow
Grave
Slow; Funeral march
Larghetto
Little slow
Andantino
Faster walking speed
Vivace
With life
Molto Allegro
Very happy
Prestissimo
Very Hurried
Accelerando
Getting Faster
Ritardando
Getting Slower
Fermata
A hold on a certain beat for an undertermined time
Scale
Pool of pitches available in Western music
Interval
Distance between two pitches
Legato
Connected
Staccato
Seperated
Clefs
Notational tool to indicate what pitch should be played
Treble Clef
Upper part of piano music
Bass Clef
Lower part of piano music
Melody
Organized series of pitches
Tune
A familiar melody
Motive
Easily recognizable fragment of melody
Theme
The basic subject of a piece
Harmony
A grouping of specific chords
Texture
The blend of various sounds
Counterpoint
Two different voices working in concert
Instrument Families
Strings, Woodwinds, Brass, Percussion
String Family
Violin, Viola, Cello, Bass
Bow
Used to play a stringed instruemnt
Woodwind Family
Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon
Single Reed Instrument
Clarinets
Double Reed Instruments
Trumpet, French Horn, Trombone, Tuba
Bass Instruments
Trumpet, French Horn, Trombone, Tuba
Percussion Instruments
Bass Drum, Snare Drum, Cymbals, Timpani
Orchestra
All of the instrument families playing together
Keyboard Instruments
Piano, Harpsichord, Organ
Plucked String Instruments
Guitar, Mandolin
Chords
Combination of specific pitches
Pizzicato
Plucked string instrument

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