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Glossary of Muscle movement

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stationary or immovable attachment
origin
movable attachment
insertion
Tissue that connects muscle to bone
tendon
movement that increases the angle of a joint and increases the distance between two bones
extension
movement that decreases the angle of a joint and reduces the distance between bones
flexion
movement of a bone around its longitudinal axis without displacement
rotation
movement of a limb away from the midline
abduction
movement of a limb toward the midline
adduction
combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction. distal end moves in a circle
circumduction
movement of the palm from upward facing position to downward facing position
pronation
movement of the palm from a downward facing position to an upward facing position
supination
movement that results in the medial turning of the sole of the foot
inversion
movement that results in the lateral turning of the sole of the foot
eversion
movement of the ankle joint in a dorsal direction
dorsiflexion
movement of the ankle where the foot is flexed downward
plantar flexion

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