Glossary of Muscle Disease Processes

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lack of normal tone or strength-muscle is deprived of innervation
wasting away or weakening of muscle fibers due to lack of usuage
inflammation of a bursa
a sac-like cavity filled with synovial fluid and located in places where tendons or muscles pass over bony prominences
charley horse
a bruised or torn muscle accompanied by cramps and severe pain
a sustained spasm or contraction of a muscle accompanied by severe localized pain
sustained abnormal postures or disruptions of normal movement resulting from alterations of muscle tone
Dupuytren's contracture
painless thickening and contracture of the palmer fascia due to fibrous proliferation resulting in loss of function of the fingers
similar to fibrillations or tremors. a repetitive, involuntary contraction of muscle. the main cause is nerve damage
fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyositis
a group of rhumatic disorders characterized by achy pain, tenderness, and stiffness of muscles and tendon insertions
a thin-walled bandy cyst formed on a joint capsule or tendon sheath
a benign tumor of smooth muscle tissue
muscular dystrophy
a genetic abnormality of muscle tissue characterized by dysfunction and ultimately deterioration
muscle pain
myasthenia gravis
a progrssive neuromuscular weakness, usually starting with the muscles of the face and throat
any disease of the muscles
myostis ossificans
severe contusion or tearing of a muscle
the loss of nervous control of a muscle
paralysis of the legs
paralysis of all four limbs
plantar fasciitis
excessive pulling or stretching of the calcaneal periosteum by the planter fascia resulting in pain along the inner border of the plantar fascia
an auto-immune disorder which causes atrophy and weakness of the muscles
rigor mortis
the muscular hardness occuring four to seven hours after death
tendinitis, tenosynovitis
inflammation of a tendon or the synovial lining of a tendon sheath
tennis elbow, lateral and medial epicondylitis
a strain of the lateral forearm muscles or the tendnous attachments near their origin on the epicondyle of the humerus
a disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani which produces a toxin that causes muscles to go into tetany.
persistant contraction of a sternocleidomastoid muscle drawing the head to one side and distorting the face

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