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Glossary of Mouth, throat, nose, and sinuses

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apthous stomatitis
cancker sores
gingivitis
early gum disease, redness, welling, bleeding, pain.
Peridontitis
destruction of gums w/ loss of teeth.
Rhinorreah
thin, watery, clear, nasal drainage
Dysphagia
problems swallowing
Bruxism
grinding of the teeth
malocclusion
upper and lower incisors protrude, teeth do not fit together properly.
Leukoplaia
precancerous leison, white
Candida albicans
white, curdish like patches that scrape off over reddened mucosa and bleed easily, ind. thrush
Stensons duct
insisde cheek, across form second molar, where the parotid glands empty
Whartons duct
open on either side of the frenulum under the tounge
Parotid glands
below and infront of the ear.
Submandibular glands
in the lower jaw
Black tongue
sign of anemia
black, hairy tounge
indicative of bismuth toxicity, too much PeptoBismol.
Induration
Hardening
Torus palatinus
bony protuberance loc in the midline of the hard palate.
Pharyngitis
irritation of the pahryngeal area poss due to post nasal drip.
Fruity odor
DKA
Ammonia odor
Kidney disease
Foul odor
oral or resp infection, poss tooth decay
Fecal odor
bowel obstruction
sulfur odor
end stage liver disease
Epitaxis
Nosebleeds, usu from dryness

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