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Glossary of Mosby Pharmacology

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Buccal
Admin. of drugbetween teeth and muccous membrane of the cheek.
Endotracheal(ET)
Admin. of drug into the endotracheal tube to be absorbed through the respiratory system.
Inhalation
Admin. of aerosolized drug into the lungs to be absorbed through the respiratory system.
Intravenous(IV)
Admin. of a drug directly in to the venous bloodstream. (usually by an IV line)
Intramuscular(IM)
Admin. of a drug a drug directly into muscle tissue where it is then absorbed into the bloodstream.
Action
The beneficial action of a drug to correct bodily dysfunction.
Agonist
A drug or other substance the combines with receptors and initiates a sequence of biochemical and physiologic responses.
Antagonism
The opposition between the effects of two or more drugs.

ex. Morphine/Narcan
Contraindication
A condition which precludes the use of a drug.
Hypersensitivity
A reaction to contact with certain substances with characteristic symptoms.
Idiosyncrasy
Abnormal reaction to a drug, peculiar to an individual
Indication
The condition for which a drug is recommended.
Local Effect
Drug exerts an effect only in the area in which it is administered.
Potentiation
The enhancement of the effect of a drug by another drug. The undesirable effect when 1+1=4 or more
Side Effect
Predictable, expected secondary reaction, often not desirable.
Intraosseous(IO)
Admin. of a drug into bone marrow.
Oral(PO)
Admin. of a drug by mouth, swallows where it is abdsorbed in the intestinal tract.
Rectal(PR)
Admin. of a drug into the rectum where it is abdsorbed by the mucous membrane.

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