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Glossary of Molecular Compounds

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Cation
an ion with a positve chargee
Mass Number
Mass number is = protons+neutrons
Heterogeneous Mixture
physically distinct parts, with different properties
Electrons
protons = electrons
Anion
ion with a negative charge
Atomic Number
# of protons
Homogeneous Mixture
uniform in its properties, like milk
Ionic Compound
gernerally metals and non-metals
-ionic bond, composed of cations and anions
NO 2-
NITRITE IO
HNO 2(aq)
NITROUS ACID
HC2H02
ACETIC ACID
C2H3O2-
ACETATE ION
CLO-
HYPOCHLORITE ION
CLO2-
CHLORITE ION
CLO4-
PERCHLORATE ION
HCLO4
PERCHLORIC ACID
HCO3-
HYDROGEN CARBONATE ION
H2P2O4-
DIHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE
PO4 3-
PHOSPHATE ION
H2SO4
SULFURIC ACID
SO4 2-
SULFATE ION
HSO4-
HYDROGEN SULFATE ION
SO3 2-
SULFITE ION
HSO3-
HYDROGEN SULFITE ION
H3PO4
PHOSPHORIC ACID
NH4 +
AMMONIUM ION
OH-
HYDROXIDE ION
NO3-
NITRATE ION
CO3 2-
CARBONATE ION
HCLO2
CHLOROUS ACID
HCLO
HYPOCHLOROUS ACID
HNO3
NITRIC ACID
H2CO3
CARBONIC ACID
HPO4 2-
HYDROGEN PHOSPHATE ION
H2SO3
SULFUROUS ACID
MOLECULAR COMPOUND
Covalent bond
generally non-metals
Strong Acids
HCLO4
H2SO4
HI
HBr
HCL
HNO3
Strong Bases
LiOH
NaOH
KOH
Ca(OH)2
Sr(OH)2
Ba(OH)2

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