Glossary of Miller Government Ch. 25
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- A government unit set up by the state to administer state laws and business at the local level.
Counties are drawn up by area, rather than urban criteria.
- A term used in Louisiana to describe describe administrative units of local government.
- Administrative subunits of a city. In Alaska, a borough is the equivalent to a county.
- County Board
- The governing body of a county, elected by voters to carry out county business.
- County-Manager Plan
- Plan for county government in which policies are made by an elected body and are carried out by
a manager hired by and responsible to that party.
- Cheif Administrator Plan
- A plan for county government in which a chief administrative officer shares responsibilities in
certain key areas with the county board or with other individuals.
- Elected Chief Executive Plan
- A plan for county government in which the executive officer, such as a mayor, is elected directly
by the voters and works with the county board.
- Urban Areas
- Highly populated areas.
- Local units of government that have the authority to govern urban or city areas.
- The process of setting up a city through the granting of a charter by the state.
- Dillon's Rule
- A principle outlined by John F. Dillon’s Commentaries on the Law of Municipal Corporation
(1911) which states that municipal corporation possess only those powers that the states
expressly grant them.
- Cooley's Rule
- Derived from an 1871 decision by Michigan Judge Thomas Cooly, which states that cities should
be able ” to rule from the home,” that is, to govern them selves instead of being governed by the
- Municipal Home Rule
- The power vested in a local unit of government to draft or change it’s own character and to
manage it’s own affairs.
- Home-rule City
- A city with a charter that allows local voters to frame, adopt, and amend their own charters.
- General-law City
- A city operating understate laws that apply to all local government units of a similar type.
- New England town
- A governmental unit in New England states that combines the roles of city and county governments. "Town" includes a central village and surrounding rural areas, and practices direct democracy.
- town meeting
- A traditional form of New England town government in which direct democracy is practiced.
- town manager system
- A system adopted by some New England towns in which voters selsct selectmen who then appoint professional town managers.
- Individuals selected by a township to serve on the local board and manage the daily affairs of the town.
- Local government units that are subdivisions of counties and have similar governing procedures.
- unincorporated areas
- Areas not located within municipal boundaries.
- commission plan
- A plan for municipal government that consists of a commision of 3-9 members who have both legislative and executive powers.
- council-manager plan
- A form of municipal government in which a an elected city council appoints a professional manager who acts as the chief executive.
- city manager
- An official appointed by an elected city council to administer city government.
- mayor-administrator plan
- A plan of city government used in large urban areas in which the mayor plays a prominent political role. The mayor appoints a chief administrative officer whose function is to free the mayor from routine administrative tasks.
- mayor-council plan
- A plan for city government in which the mayor is an elected chief executive and the council is the legislative body.
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