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Glossary of Miller Government Ch. 13

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Suffrage
The legal right to vote
disenfranchise
To deprive voters of the ability to vote
literacy tests
A voting requirement that require a person to prove they can read before they are allowed to vote.
grandfather clauses
used in the south to deny blacks the vote. Allowed anyone to vote in current elections who could prove that their grandfather had voted before 1867.
poll tax
A fee that had to be paid before voting. Outlawed by the 24th Amendment in federal elections and in 1966 for state and local elections.
registration
becoming an eligible voter by entering your name and meeting other requirements like residency, age, and citizenship.
residency
A requirement that a person must live in a state or area to be eligible to vote.
voter turnout
The percentage of eligible citizens that actually take part in the election process.
absentee ballots
Votes that are mailed in by voters rather than cast at the polls.
Party identification
Linking oneself with a political party.
policy voting
When people vote for candidates that share their views on certain key issues.
green vote
A vote from those who support stronger laws to protect andd preserve the environment
socioeconomic factors
Things like age, income, education, occupation and others that give a profile of a group or individual
gender gap
Describes the difference between male and female political views or the percentage diference in the voting of the 2 genders in an election.
Solid South
Term used to describe the tendency of southern states to vote for the democratic party after the civil war. The trend has changed in recent decades.
split ballot
The act of voting for candidates from more than one political party in an election.+

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