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Glossary of Milestones in Nursing History

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300 AD
Entry of women into nursing
1100-1200
-formation of charitable institutions to care for the aged, sick, and poor
-Hospital Brothers of St. Anthony's, Brothers of Misericordia, Alexian Brothers
1633
-Sisters of Charity founded by Louise de Marillac
-established the first educational program to be affiliated with a religious nursing order
1809
-Mother Elizabeth Seton introduced the Sisters of Charity into Americ, later known as the Daughters of Charity
1836
-Deaconess Institute of Kaiserwerth, Germany, founded
-institute where Florence Nightingale received her initial education in nursing
1846
-Florence Nightingale received the Yearbook of the Institution of Deaconess at Kaiserwerth
1860
-establishment of the Nightingale Training School for Nurses at St. Thomas's Hospital in London, England
-first organized program for training nurses
-also published Notes on Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not, first nursing philosophy based on health maintenance and restoration of health
1860-1865
-Dorothea Dix served as superintendent of the Union Army female nurses
-Mother Bickendyke organized ambulance services, searched for wounded, and supervised nurses
-Harriet Tubman tended to solders and led over 300 slaves to freedom through the Underground Railroad movement
1874
-first nurses training school in Canada founded (St. Catherine's, Ontario)
1882
United States retified the -American Red Cross, founded by Clara Barton
1884
-Mary Snively assumed directorship of Toronto General Hospital and began to form the Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses
-later became the Canadian Nurses Association
1890
-establishment of the Nurses' Associated Alumni of the United States and Canada
-initial nursing professional group
-later became the American Nurses Association
1893
-first community health service for the poor: Henry Street Settlement opened by Lillian Wald and Harriet Brewster
1894
-Isabelle Robb, RN, was the first superintendent f the Johns Hopkins Training School in Baltimore, Maryland
1897
-initial discussion of nursing code of ethics
1901
-first university-affiliated nursing program
-Army Nurse Corps established
1902
-Sigma Theta Tau, National Honor Society of Nursing, as formed by 6 student nurses from Indiana University
1907
-Mary Adelaide Nutting was the first professor of nursing
1908
-Navy Nurse Corps established
-Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses, later changed to Canadian Nurses Association in 1924) founded
1911
-NAAUSC became the American Nurses Association
1920
-graduate nurse-midwifery programs were established
1923
-Goldmark Report: Rockefeller Foundation
-funded survey identified need for increased dfinancial support to university-based schools of nursing
1926
-ANA Code of Ethics approved
1948
-Brown Report: Dr Esther Brown
-concluded that all nursing education programs should be affiliated with universities and have their own budgets
-recommended a broad academic education within a university and 2 years of nursing education focused on technical skills
1949
-Association of Operating Room Nurses formed
1952
-Dr Mildred Montag established the first associate degree nursing program
1953
-National League for Nursing in collaboration with other universities, developed graduate nursing education
1960
-Yale University School of Nursing defined nursing as a profession, interaction, and relationship between 2 human beings
1965
-Jerome Lysaught directed the National Commission on Nursing and Nursing Edication Report
-recommended that nursing roles and responsibilities be clarified in relation to ther health care professionals
-that increased financial support and career opportunities were needed to attract and retain nurses
-ANA position paper defined nursing
1969
-American Association of Critical Care Nurses formed
1975
-Oncology Nursing Society formed
1985
-ANA published Code for Nurses With Interpretive Statements
1994
-health care reforms
1996
-the Pew Report: looking at future nursing needs and shortages
-Institute of Medicine Report: parallel to Pew Report
1900
2009

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