Glossary of Microbiology J. Meyers Owens Lab II test

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Cold loving bacterium
0-15 Celcius
some species grow below 0-C
no human pathogens in this group
middle temp. loving bacterium
15-45 Celcius
most mesophiles live in the 20-40 range
most human pathogens live in the 30-40 range
heat loving bacterium
45-80 celcius
no human pathogens
extreme heat loving bacterium
above 80 Celcius
include members of divesion archaea
bacteria must have oxyger for survival
cellular respuration
aerobic respiration
Obligate aerobe
fermentation for ATP
caon only survive in the absence of oxygen
don't use oxygen for ATP production
will die in the presence of toxic forms of oxygen
no enzyme system to detoxify the toxic forms of oxygen
ex. Bacteriodes
Obligate anaerobe
can exist with or without oxygen
more efficient catabolism of glucose with oxygen
ex. yeast; many bacteria
escherichia coli
Facultative anaerobe
requires small amounts of oxygen
microbes living in soil, water, animals
ex. Helicobacter pylori
(lives in stomach cavity)
don't use oxygen for metabolism
are able to breakdown toxic forms of oxygen
ex. many bacteria
Aerotolerant anaerobe
Anaerobic microhabitats in the human body include these three areas.
Oral cavity
Large intestine
Skin wound
nost bavteria live within a pH range of 6.5-7.5
these bacteria are referred to as ___________.
Potassium phosphate is added to growth media for what purpose?
To stabilize the pH
bacteria that require an acidcic invironment
Obligate Acidophiles
Bacteria that can surive in an acidic environment
ex. Helicobacter pylori
Acid Tolerant microbes
bacteria that flourish in alkaline conditions
ex. Vibrio cholerae
bacteria that can surive at high osmotic pressure
ex. Staphylococcus aureus on the skin
a.k.a. Osomophile
Mannitol and Phenol Red are diferential and sodium chloride is the selective ingredients in what type of growth media?
Mannitor Salt Agar
Staphylococcus aureus will turn the Mannitol Salts Agar what color?
Staphylocci species other than aureus will do what to the Mannitol Salts Agar?
What agar contains Lactose, Crystal violet, Bile Salts and neutral red?
MacConkey Agar
In MacConkey Agar what is the diferinciating ingredient?
In MacConkey Agar what is the selective ingredient?
Crystal violet, Bile Salts and Neutral Red
Escherichia coli
Enterobacter aerogenes are what type of fermenters?
Lactose fermemters
Salmonella typhi and Shigella dysenteriae are what type of fermentators.
Non-Lactose fermenters
Media used to isolate a bacterial type from a mixed population, Differentiate among closely related bacterial groups
Enumerate bacteria
Asaay antibiotics, vitamins and other substances
identify bavteria based on ability to produce chimica
Special Purpose Media

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