Glossary of Micro 05 - Infections Acquired Outside Health Care

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Pathogen that causes diarrhea and can be acquired via pools
Diarrheal pathogen associated with Hamburgers and Hot dogs
E. coli O157
Diarrheal pathogen associated with Dips
Staphylococcus aureus
2 diarrheal pathogens associated with Cole Slaw
S. aureus

3 Diarrheal pathogens associated with Ice cream
S. aureus
Diarrheal pathogen associated with Cheese cakes
S. aureus
Clinical sign of Giardia
very gassy and foul-smelling diarrhea
Agricultural and Slaughter practices have contributed to the emergence of these 2 pathogens
E. coli O157:H7

Campylobacter jejuni
Epidemic that resulted from Bilgewater released from cargo ships in S. American fishing waters
Pathogen that is present on Raw poultry, meat, unpasteurized milk
Pathogen that can be found on Raspberries, untreated water, basil, and lettuce
Pathogen that is found on ground beef, contaminated water, unpasteurized milk, sprouts, lettuce, unpasteurized juice and cider, and P-to-P contact
E. coli O157:H7
Creamy dressing = 1
Eggs, poultry, alfafa sprouts = 2
Ice cream, cold cuts, soft cheeses = 3
Raw shellfish = 4
Raw shellfish and drinking H2O = 5
Strawberries, clams, raw onions = 6
Drinking water = 7
1. S. aureus
2. Salmonella
3. Listeria
4. Vibrio
5. Calicivirus
6. Hepatitis A
7. Cryptosporidium parvum
What gram - diplococci would cause bullous lesions and skin sloughing
Neisseria meningitidis
13 Most common infectious diseases associated with travel
1. Traveler's Diarrhea
3. Malaria
4. Acute febrile respiratory tract infections
5. Hepatitis A
6. Gonorrhea
7. Rabies due to animal bites
8. Hepatitis B
9. Typhoid Fever
10. HIV
11. Legionella
12. Cholera
13. Meningococcal disease
10 reported cruise ship outbreaks
1. Influenza A and B
3. Legionnaire's disease
4. Rubella
5. Cyclospora
6. Shigella
7. Viral gastroenteritis
8. Norwalk virus (contaminated ice)
9. Norwalk virus
10. Shigella flexneri
Pathogens that can be acquired from the salty sea
Vibrio cholera, parahemolyticus, vulnificus

*are salt tolerant*
Pathogens that can be acquired from fresh water environments
Leptospira (a spirochete)
List 4 bacterial agents associated with transmission by ticks
Borrelia burgdorferi = Lyme disease (Ioxodes)
Rickettsia rickettsii
Francisella tularensis
Erlichia chaffeensis
Parasite associted with transmission by ticks
Babesia microti
5 diseases associated with Mosquitoes
West Nile Virus
Most dog bites occur in this age group
children 9-10 yoa
Wound infections following dogs bites are commonly from these 3 bacteria
1. S. aureus
2. Streptococcus (alpha, beta, and gamma hemolytics)
3. Pasteurella species (gram -)
Most cases of Pasteurella infections in humans are caused by this species
Pasteurella Multocida
-skin and soft tissue involvement
-regional Lymphadenopathy
Bacteria transmitted via turtles, snakes, lizards
Salmonella species
Bacteria transmitted by Parrots
Chlamydia psittaci
6 potential infectious agents transferred by close encounters with dogs
C. jejuni
Leptospira interrogans
Brucella canis
Ehrlichia canis

Parasitic infections that can be transmitted by close encounters with dogs
Toxocara canis
Echinococcus granulosus
Cutaneous larva migrans

Fungal infections that can be acquired by close encounters with dogs
3 infections associated with inhalation from cats
Bordetella bronchiseptica
Yersinia pestis
Coxiella burnettii
2 bacteria acquired from vector-borne spread from cats
3 infections acquired from fecal-oral spread from cats
C. jejuni
Toxoplasma gondii
3 infections acquired from cats via bite, scratch, or puncture
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
Pasteurella multocida
Francisella tularensis

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