Glossary of Mental Health- Theories (HS)
Other Decks By This User
- What are the 3 personality components according to Freud?
- id - seeks gratification
superego- the moral side
ego- the balance between the two.
- Define preconscious, subconscious, conscious, and unconscious
- pre- thoughts that are not currently in personls awareness but are accessible.
un- thoughts that motivate, even though the person is unaware of them. Defense mechanisms are unconscious.
Sub- "freudian slip".
- Freud's Psychosexual Stages
- oral - birth to 18mos
Anal-- 18-36 mos
Phallic-- 3-5 yrs
Latency -- 5-11 yrs
Genital-- 11-13 yrs
- a defense mechanism. Venting of intense feelings toward persons less threatening. For example an angry man has a bad day at work and comes home and kicks the dog.
- Regression vs. Repression vs. Suppression
- Regression is Moving back to a previous developmental stage in order to feel safe or have needs met. Repression is having no memory of painful things. Suppression is CONSCIOUS exclusion of painful thoughts and feelings.
- Jean Piaget's Four Stages of Cognitive Development
- Sensorimotor- 0-2 yrs: begins to form mental images.
Preoporational- 2-6 yrs: language and symbols
Concrete operations- 6-12 yrs: logic thiking begins. spatiality and reversibility are understood. child becomes more social and can understand rules. thinking is still concrete!
formal operations- 12-16: abstract thinking. logical thinking and reasoning.
- What are the two humanistic theories?
- Maslow- hiearchy of needs
Carl Rogers- Client centered therapy
Humanism direct most attention toward future and present. focus on strength and potential of client.
- What are the two behavioral theories?
- Pavlov- dogs conditioned response
Skinner- Behavior modification through positive and negative conditioning. (operant conditioning)
- What are the four existential theories?
- Ellis- RATIONAL EMOTIVE THERAPY
Frankl- logotherapy. you are searching for the meaning of life. Nazi camps.
Perls- Gestalt therapy. Focuses on the hear and now. may encourage journals, letters.
Glasser- Reality therapy. Taking responsibility for your life and actions.
- Discuss the 2 interpersonal theories.
- Sullivan- interactions are very important. Milleu therapy (groups, interacting with others, helping one another)The therapist is the PARTICIPANT OBSERVER.
Peplau- developed phases of nurse, client relationship, defined the role of the nurse in the therapeutic relationship, described four levels of anxiety.
- what are the phases of the nurse/pt relationship according to peplau?
- orientation- trust is built, questions are answered, problem is introduced
ID- patient feels stronger, feelings are expressed
exploitation- pt. ismaking the most of the services. Pt's behavior fluctuates between dependence and interdependence.
- What are the 6 roles of the psyc. nurse according to Peplau?
- stranger- offering the same acceptance and treatment as a stranger.
resource- specific questions are answered in a broad sense
teacher- helps the client learn
leader- offering direction
surrogate- serving as a substitute (for example playing someone during roleplay)
counselor- self explanatory
- What are the four levels of anxiety according to peplau?
- mild anxiety- can be helpful. perceptual field is not disturbed.
moderate anxiety- perceptual field decreases. the person focuses on immediate task only. person needs assistance with new task and new learning.
severe anxiety- feelings of dread or terror. chest pain-person may believe they are having a heart attack.
panic anxiety- loss of rational thought, delusions. the person is at risk for injury here because they may just start bolting.
- Existential and interpersonal theories are_____ theories.
You must Login or Register to add cards