cueFlash

Glossary of Medical terminology 110

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

post-
after; behind
radio-
x-rays; radioactivity;radius
(laterial lower arm bine)
-scope
insturment for visual examination
-therapy
treatment
uni-
one
-al
pretaining to
dermat/o
skin
derm/o
skin
gastr/o
stomach
hyper-
above; excessive
-ic
pretaining to
-itis
inflammation
micro-
small
-phobia
fear
pre-
before; infront of
psych/o
mind
rhin/o
nose
splen/o
spleen
-tic
pretaining to
pneumon/o
lung; air; gas
poly-
many; much
ren/o
kidney
retr/o
backward; back; behind
-rrhage
bursting forth
(of blood)
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrhea
flow; discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
-sis
state of; condition
spir/o
to breath
-stasis
to stop; control; place
-stomy
new opening;
(to form a mouth)
sub-
under; below
supra-
above; upper
tachy-
fast
tel/o
complete
thorac/o
chest
trache/o
wind pipe;
(trachea)
thromb/o
clot
-tomy
process of cutting
-thorax
chest; pleual cavity
-trophy
nourishment; development
-um
structure; tissue; thing
glyc/o
glucose; sugar
-graphy
process of recording
-scopy
visual examination
-pnea
breathing
-plasty
surgical repair
-plasm
formation
-plasia
development; formation; growth
phren/o
diaphragm; mind
pharyng/o
throat;
(pharynx)
peri-
surrounding
-penia
deficiency
ped/o
child; foot
-pathy
disease; emotion
path/o
disease
pan-
all
-oma
tumor; mass; fluid collection
-ous
pretaining to
ot/o
ear
-opsy
view of
onc/o
tumor
-oid
resembling
nucle/o
nucleus
neur/o
nerve
nephr/o
kidney
neo-
new
nat/i
birth
-megaly
enlargment
-malacia
softening
mal-
bad
-lysis
break down; seperation; destruction; loosening
-logy
study of
lob/o
lobe
leuk/o
white
laryng/o
voice box
(larynx)
kary/o
nucleus
-ium
structure; tissue
-ist
specialist
-ism
process; condition
inguin/o
groin
immun/o
immune; protection; safe
iatr/o
physician; treatment
intra-
within; into
inter-
between
in-
in; into; not
-ia
condition
hyp/o
deficient; under; below; less than normal
hist/o
tissue
hepat/o
liver
hem/o
blood
hemi-
half
hemat/o
blood
gynec/o
woman; femal
-graph
instrument for recording
-gram
record
gen/o
producing; forming
-genic
produced by or in
-genesis
producing; forming
ex-
out; away from
eu-
good; normal
erythr/o
red
-er
one who
epi-
above; upon; on
entr/o
intestine;
(usually small intestine)
end/o
in; within
encephal/o
brain
en-
in; within
-emia
blood condition
-ectomy
removal; excistion; resection
ec-
out; outside
dys-
bad; painful; difficult; abnormal
-dynia
pain
dia-
complete; through
de-
lack of; down; less; removal of
cyt/o
cell
-cyte
cell
cyst/o
urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
cost/o
rid
contra-
against; opposite
coni/o
dust
col/o
colon;
(large intestine)
cis/o
to cut
cib/o
meal
chrom/o
color
chondr/o
cartilage
cervic/o
neck; cervix;
(neck of uterus)
cephal/o
head
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-cele
hernia
cardi/o
heart
carcin/o
cancer; cancerous
capn/o
carbon dioxide
bronch/o
bronchial tube
brady-
slow
-blast
embryonic; immature
bi/o
life
axill/o
armpit
aut/o
own; self
-ary
pretaining to
arth/o
joint
anti-
against
ante-
before; forward
angi/o
vessel;
(blood)
ana-
up: apart; backward; again; anew
an-
no; not; without
alveol/o
alveolus; air sac; small sac
-algia
pain
adip/o
fat
aden/o
gland
acr/o
extremities; top; extream point
-sclerosis
hardening
-logist
specialist
ad-
towards
cementum
the cementum covers, protects, and supports the dentin in the root of the tooth.
(the outter most layer below closest to the root)
dysphasia
difficult in swallowing
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
lipase
pancrea enzyme necessary to digest fats.
paristalsis
paristalsis moves the contents through the GI tract at different rates.
dentin
major tissue composing teeth, covered by the enamel in the crown and a protective layer of cementum in the root.
pyloric sphincter
ring of muscle fibers at the distal region of the stomach, where it joins the duodenum.
lieum
third part of the small intestine.
villi
microscopic projection on the walls of the small intestine that absorb nutrients into the bloodstream.
intussusception
telescoping of the intestines.
volvulus
twisting of the intestine upon itself.
(LFT's)
liver function tests
tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in serum.
(clear fluid that remains after blood has clotted)
ALT
examples of ALT (alkanine amino transaminase)
Transinubases (enzymes) present in many tissues and elevated in the serum of patients with liver disease.
AST
AST (aspartate amino trasminase)
AST are transaminase (enzymes) presents in many tissues and elevated in the serum of patients with liver disease.
stool culture
test for microorganisms present in stool
hemoccult test
detection of blood in feces
melena
black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood.
anal fistula
abnormal tube-like passage near the anus.
Crohn disease
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract.
(terminal ileum and colon)
diverticulosis
abnormal side pockets (out pouchings)in the intestinal wall.
ileus
failure of peristalsis with obstruction of the intestines.
rugae
ridges on the hard palate and the walls of the stomach.
flatus
gas expelled through the anus.
hematochezia
passage of bright, fresh, red blood from the rectum.
jejunum
second part of the small intestine.
duodenum
first part of the large intestine.
(is only 1 foot long)
buccal surface
the buccal surface (buss/o means cheek) for premolar and molar teeth, lies adjacent to the cheek.
ac-
before meals; (actecibum)
anabolism
process of building up body tissue; the constructive phase of metabolism by which cells take from the blood nutrients required for repair or growth.
mensentery
the peritoneal fols that encircles the small intestine and connects it to the posterior abdominal wall.
serum builirubin
serum bilirubin levels are elevated in patients with liver disease and jaundice.
stool guaiac
detection of blood in the feces.
cholangiography
x-ray examination of the biliary system after injecting contrast into the bile ducts.
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
paracentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.
BE
barium enema
CT scan
computed tomography
EGD
esphagogastroduodenoscopy
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease.
NPO
nothing by mouth
pc
after meals (post cibum)
po
by mouth
prn
as needed
qid
four times a day
hs
at bed time
periodontal membrane
a periodontal membrane surronds the cementum and holds the tooth in place in the tooth socket.
cholelithiasis
gallstones in the gallbladder.
gastroesophageal reflux disease
solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach.
(GERD)
ALP
alkaline phosphatase (alkaline phospherus) is another enzyme that may be elevated in patients with liver, bone, and other disease.
-emesis
vomiting
inguinal hernia
an inguinal hernia occurs when a small loop of bowl protrudes through a weak lower abdominal muscle.
labial surface
the labial surface (labi/o means lip) for incisoe and canine teeth, is nearest the lips.
computed tomography
(CT scan)
x-ray series showing cross-sectional images of internal organs allows visualization.
barium enema
x-ray images of the colon and rectum after injecting barium in to the rectum.
colorectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both.
colonis polyposis
polyps (benighn growth) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon.
cirrhosis
chronic degenerative disease of the liver.
cardiac sphincter
ring of muscles between the esophagus and stomach.
amylase
enzyme secreted by the pancreas to digest starch.
TPN
(total parenteral nutrition)
this intravenous (IV) solution contains sugar (dextrose), proteins (amino acid), electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride), and vitamins.
nasogastric intubation
insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach.
GI
gastrointestinal
bid
twice a day
rectum
last section of the colon
borborygmus
rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestine tract.
defecation
expulsion or passage of feces from the body through the anus.
baruim enema
(lower gastrointestinal series)
x-ray images of the colon and return after injecting barium into the rectum.
hiatal hernia
an hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach protudes upward through the diaphragm.
occlusal edge
premolars and molars have an additional occlusal surface (occlusion means to close) that comes in contact with acorresponding tooth in the opposing arch.
pulp
soft tissue within a tooth, containing nerves and blood vessels.
enamel
hard; outermost layer of a tooth.
incisor
one of four teeth in the dental arch.
stool
solid wastes; feces
sigmoid colon
lower part of the colon; shaped like an S.
root
which lies within the bony tooth socket.
molar
sixth, seventh, and eighth teeth from the middle on wither side of the dental arch. Premolas teeth are the fourth and fivth teeth, before the molars.
uvula
soft tissue hanging from the palate into the mouth.
feces
solid waste; stool
crown
shows above the gumline.
canine
pointed, dog-like teeth, next to the incisors. Also called cusids or eyeteeth.
lingua surface
opposite to the facial surface, all teeth have a lingual surface (lingual/o means tongue)
incisal
incisors & canines have sharp incisal edges.
q4h
every four hours
qod
every other day
qd
every day
qh
every hour
tid
three times a day
BM
bowel movement
hepititis A
hepititis A is a virual hepatitis caused by HAV. It is a benighn disorder spread by contaminated food or water and characterized by slow onset of symptoms.
hepitits B
hepititis B is a virual hepatitis caused by HBV and is transmitted by blood tranfusion, sexual contact, or the use of contaminated needles or instruments.
hepititis C
hepititis C is a virual hepatitis caused by HCV and is transmitted by blood tranfusion,or needles inoculation ( such as intravenous drug users sharing needles) the acute illness may prigress to chronic hepatitis.
ulcerative colitis
chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers.
hemorrhoids
swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region.
periodontal disease
inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surroundinf bones;
(also called pyorrhea (py/o means pus)
oral leukoplakia
white plawues or pathches (-plakia means plaque) on the mucosa of the mouth.

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards