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Glossary of Medical terminology

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Created by kora724

-ac
pertaining to (ex. caridiac = pertaining to the heart)
-al

pertaining to (ex. duodenal = pertaining to the duodenem)

-algia
pain (ex. gastralgia = stomach pain)
-an

pertaining to (ex. ovarian = pertaining to the ovary)

-ar
pertaining to (ex. ventricular = pertaining to ventricle)
-dynia
pain (ex. cardiodynia = heart pain)
-ectomy
surgical removal (ex. gastrectomy = surgically remove the stomach)
-iac

pertaining to (ex. chondriac = pertaining to cartilage)

-iasis
abnormal condition (ex. lithiasis = abnormal condition of stones)
-ism
state of (ex. hypothyroidism = state of low thyroid)
-itis
inflammation (ex.cellulitis = inflammation of cells)
-logist
one who studies (ex. cardiologist = one who studies the heart)
-lysis
destruction (ex. osteolysis = bone destruction)
-malacia
abnormal softening (ex. chondromalacia = abnormal cartilage sofetning)
-oma
tumor, mass (ex. carcinoma = cancerous tumor)
-osis
abnormal condition (ex. cyanosis = abnormal condition of being blue)
-otomy
cutting into (ex. thoracototomy = cutting into the chest)
-pathy
disease (ex. myopathy = muscle disease)
-pexy
surgical fixation (ex. nephropexy = surgical fication of a kidney)
-plasm
formation, development (ex. neoplasm = new formation)
-plasty
surgical repair (ex. dermatoplasty = surgical repair of the skin)
-ptosis
drooping (ex. proctoptosis = drooping rectum)
-rrhage
discharge, flow (ex. rhinorrhea = discharge from the nose)
-rrhaphy
sew - repair myrorrhaphy = suture together muscle)
-rrhexis
rupture (ex. hysterorrhexis = ruptured uterus)
-sclerosis
hardening (ex. arteriosclerosis = hardening of an artery)
-scope
instrument for viewing (ex. gastroscope = instrument to view stomach)
-scopy
gastroscopy (ex. process of visually examininig the stomach)
-stenosis
narrowing (ex. aniostenosis = narrowing of a vessel)
-therapy
treatment (ex. chemotherapy = treatment with chemicals)
-tic
pertaining to (ex. acoustic = pertaining to hearing)
-trophy
nourishment, development (ex. hypertropy = excessive development)
-uria
condition of the urine (hematuria = blood in the urine)

-ic

pertaining to (ex. gastric = pertaining to the stomach)

-ile

pertaining to (ex. penile = pertaining to the penis)

-logy

study of (ex. cardiology = study of the heart)

-ostomy

surgically create an opening (ex. colostomy = surgically create an opening for the colon through the abdominal wall)

-plasia

development, growth (ex. dysplasia = abnormal development)

muscul/o

muscle

path/o

disease

uni-

one (ex. unilateral = one sided)
a-
without, away from (ex. aphasia = without speech)
abdomin/o
abdomen
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
an-
without (ex. anoxia = without oxygen)
ante-
before, in front of (ex. antepartum = before birth)
anter/o
front
anti-
against (ex. antibiotic = against life)
bi-

two (ex. bilateral = two sides)

brady-
slow (ex. bradycardia = slow heartbeat)
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
chondr/o

cartilage

crani/o
skull
dermat/o
skin
di-
two (ex. diplegic = paralysis of two extremities)
dist/o
away from
dys-
painful, difficult (ex. dyspnea = painful breathing)
endo-
within, inner (ex. endoscope = instrument to view within)
enter/o

small intestine

epi-
upon, over (ex. epigastric = upon or over the stomach)
epitheli/o
epithelium
eu-

normal, good (ex. eupnea = normal breathing)

gastr/o
stomach
gynec/o
female
hemat/o
blood
hemi-
half (ex. hemiplegia = paralysis of one side/half of the body)
heter-

different (ex. heterograft = a graft from another person's body)

hist/o
tissue
homo-
same (ex. homozygous = having two identical genes)
hydr/o
water
hydro-
water (ex. hydrotherapy = water therapy)
hyper-
over, above (hypertrophy = overdevelopment)
immun/o
immune
infer/o
below
infra-
under, beneath, below (ex. infraorbital = below, under the eye socket)
inter-
among, between (ex. interbertebral = between the vertebrae)
intra-
within, inside (ex. intravenous = inside, within a vein)
laryng/o

voice box

later/o
side
medi/o
middle
micro-
small (ex. microcephalic = having a small head)
mono-
one (ex. monoplegia = paralysis of one extremity)
multi-
many (ex. multigravida =women pregnant more than once)
neo-
new (ex. neonate = newborn)
nephr/o

kidney

neur/o

nerve

nulli-
none (ex. nulligrava = women with no pregnancies)
ophyhalm/o
eye
organ/o
organ
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
para-
beside, beyond, near (ex. paranasal = near or alongside the nose)
per-
through (ex. percutaneous = through the skin)
peri-
around (ex. pericardial = around the heart)
poly-
many (ex. polyuria = large amounts of urine)
post-
after (ex. postpartum = after birth)
pre-
before, in front of (ex. prefrontal - in front of the frontal bone)
quad-
four (ex. quadriplegia = paralysis of four extremities)
retro-
backward, behind (ex. retrograde = movement in backwatds direction)
rhin/o

nose

semi-

partial, half (ex. semiconscious = partially conscious)

sub-
below, under (ex. subcutaneous = under, below the skin)
super-
above, excess (ex. supernumery = above the normal number)
supra-
above (ex. suprapubic = above the pubic bone)
tachy-
rapid, fast (ex. tachycardia = fast heartbeat)
trans-
through, across (ex. transurethral = across the urethra)
tri-
three (ex. triceps = muscle with three heads)
ultra-
beyond, excess (ex. ultrasound = high-frequency sound waves)
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
a-
an-
without
ab-
away from
ad-
to, towards, near
ante-
pre-
pro-

before
Orchi-
Orchid-
Orchido-

Testicles (orchitis)
- salpinx
fallopian tube
- sacoma
malignant tumor
- schisis
crack
- stenosis
standing
- spasm
abnormal nuscle firing
- sclerosis
hardening
algia
pain
ex- fibromyalgia
Position of the body with the face forward, arms to the side, and palms facing forward.
anatomic position
vertical plane that divides the body into left and right portions.
Sagittal or lateral
The plane that divides the body into front (ventral) and back (dorsal) parts.
frontal or coronal
Passing horizontally through the body, divides the body into upper and lower portions.
transverse or axial
Closer to the head. Higher position on the body.
superior and cephalad
situated below or directed downward.
inferior
In front
anterior or ventral
back, opposite of anterior.
posterior or dorsal
relating to or extending toward the middle.
medial or middle
position away from the midline or pertaining to a side.
lateral
Remote, a point farthest from the point of reference.
Distal
Nearest to a point of reference.
proximal
situated beneath or on the underside. At or near the tail hind part, posterior.
caudal
toward the head
cephalad or superior
Bold
Italics
ren/nephr
kidney
para
arround
sub
below, underlying
hypo
too little
hyper
too much
intra
within
medical term
med term
medical terminology
medical terminology
panic attack
group of intense emotional feelings that include apprehension,fearfulness, and terror.

symptoms- shortness of breath feelings of unreality sweating heart palpitations chest pain


Afferent
carring toward a given point.

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