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Glossary of Medical Vocab. Lesson 2 2

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amphi-, ampho
Prefix

on both sides, around, both
ana-
Prefix

up, back, against
apo-
Prefix

away from
cata- (cat-)
Prefix

downward, disordered
dia- (di-)
Prefix

through, across, apart
eso-
Prefix

within, inner, inward
eu-
Prefix

good, normal, healthy
heter-, hetero-
Prefix

different, other, relationship to another
homo-, homeo-
Prefix

same, likeness
meta- (met-)
Prefix

change, transformation, after, behind
para- (par-)
Prefix

alongside, around, abnormal, beyond
pro-
Prefix

before
pros-, prosth-
Prefix

in place of
-al
Adjective-forming Suffix

pertaining to, located in
-ase
Noun-forming Suffix

forms names of enzymes
-asia, -asis
Noun-forming Suffix

state, condition
-ema
Noun-forming Suffix

state, condition
-esis
Noun-forming Suffix

state, condition, procedure
-etic
Adjective-forming Suffix

pertaining to
-ics, -tics
Noun-forming Suffix

science or study of
-ism
Noun-forming Suffix

state, condition, quality
-ismus
Noun-forming Suffix

state, condition; muscular spasm
-oid, -ode, -id
Noun-forming or Adjective-forming Suffix

indicating a particular shape, form, or resemblance; like, resembling
-omata
Noun-forming Suffix


plural form of oma; tumor, disease
oma
Noun-forming Suffix

usually tumor; occasionially disease
-ose
Adjective-forming Suffix


full of, resembling
-ous
Adjective-forming Suffix


pertaining to, characterized by, full of
-us
Noun-forming Suffix

condition, person (sometimes a malformed fetus)
-ize
Verb-forming Suffix

to make, become, cause to be, subject to, engage in
-ate, -ide, -ite, -one, -ose
Noun-forming Suffixes

used to form the names chemical substances
acr-
Combining Form

[highest point] extremeities (particularly the hands and feet)
ambly-
Combining Form

dull, faint
carcin-
Combining Form

[crab] carcinoma, cancer
-cele
Noun-forming suffix form


hearnia, the protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it; sometimes indicates a swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid.
-cel-
Combining Form

hernia, tumor, swelling
cheir-, chir-
Combining Form

hand
chol(e)-
Combining Form

bile, gall
cholecyst-
Combining Form

gallbladder
col(i)-, colon
Combining Form

colon
cyan-
Combining Form

blue
cyst(i)-, -cystis
Combining Form

bladder, cyst
diplo-
Combining Form

double, twin
enter-
Combining Form

(small) intestine
erg-
Combining Form

action, work
-emat-
Combining Form

state, condition
gastr-
Combining Form

stomach
hem-, hemat-, -em-
Combining Form

blood
hepar-, hepat-
Combining Form

liver
lip-
Combining Form

fat
macr-
Combining Form

(abnormally) large or long
mega-, megal-
Combining Form

(abnormally) large or long
melan-
Combining Form

dark, black
micr-
Combining Form

(abnormally) small
nyct-
Combining Form

night
odyn-
Combining Form

pain
-omat-
Combining Form of -oma


tumor, disease
onc-
Combining Form


tumor
pachy-
Combining Form

thick
pseud-
Combining Form

false
py-
Combining Form

pus
sarc-
Combining Form


flesh, soft tissue
-stomy
Noun-forming suffix


surgical procedure of
spasm-
Combining Form


spasm, involuntary muscular contraction
splen-
Combining Form


spleen
stomata, stomas
Combining Form


plural form of stoma; mouth, opening
stom-, stomat-, stoma
Combining Form


mouth, opening
-gaster
Combining Form


embryonic structures

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