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Glossary of Medical Terminology a systems approach ch2

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-centesis
puncture

Example: arthr/o/centesis
joint
-ectomy
excision, removal

example: append/ectomy
appendix
-stomy
forming and opening (mouth)

Example: col/o/stomy
colon
-tome
instrument to cut

Example: oste/o/tome
bone
-tomy
incision, cut into

Example: phleb/o/tomy
vein
-desis
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)

Example: arthr/o/desis
joint
-pexy
suspension, fixation (of an organ)

Example: mast/o/pexy
breast
-rrhaphy
suture

Example: my/o/rrhaphy
muscle
-plasty
surgical repair

rhin/o/plasty
nose
-clasis
break, fracture

Example:oste/o/clasis
bone
-lysis
separation, destruction loosening

enter/o/lysis
intestine
-tripsy
crushing

lith/o/tripsy
stone, calculus
-algia
pain

cephal/algia
head
-cele
hernia, swelling

hepat/o/cele
liver
-ectasis
dilation, expansion

brochi/ectasis
bronchus
-emesis
vomiting

hyper/emesis
excessive
-emia
blood condition

leuk/emia
white
-gen
forming, producing, origin

carcin/o/gen
cancer
-genesis
forming, producing, origin

oste/o/genesis
bone
-gram
record, a writing

cardi/o/gram
heart
-graph
instrument for recording

cardi/o/graph
heart
-graphy
process of recording

cardi/o/graphy
heart
-iasis
abnormal condition
(produced by something specified)

chole/lith/iasis
gall stone
-itis
inflammation

gastr/itis
stomach
-lith
stone, calculus

chil/e/lith
gall
-logist
specialist in the study of.....

dermat/o/logist
skin
-malacia
softening

oste/o/malacia
bone
-megaly
enlargement

hepat/o/megaly
liver
-meter
instrument for measuring

therm/o/meter
heat
-metry
act of measuring

pelv/i/metry
pelvis
-oid
resembling

lip/oid
fat
-oma
tumor

aden/oma
gland
-osis
abnormal condition, increase
(used primarily with blood cells)
dermat/osis
skin
erythr/o/cyt/osis
red cell
-para
to bear (offspring)

multi/para
many,much
-paresis
partial paralysis or weekness

hemi/paresis
half
-pathy
disease

neur/o/pathy
nerve
-penia
decrease, deficiency

leuk/o/penia
white(cell)
-phagia
eating, swallowing

dys/phagia
difficult,
painful
-phasia
speech

a/phasia
without
-philia
attraction to

hem/o/philia
blood
-phobia
fear

claustr/o/phobia
confined
place
-plasia
formation, growth

hyper/plasia
excessive
-plegia
paralysis, stroke

hemi/plegia
half
-poiesis
formation, production

hem/o/poiesis
blood
-ptosis
prolapse, downward displacement

hyster/o/ptosis
uterus
-rrhage
bursting forth

hem/o/rrhage
blood
-rrhagia
bursting forth

men/o/rrhagia
menses
-rrhea
discharge, flow

dia/rrhea
through
-rrhexis
rupture

angi/o/rrhexis
vessel
-scope
instrument to view or examine

gastr/o/scope
stomach
-scopy
visual examination or process

proct/o/scopy
anus,
rectum
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching

blephar/o/spasm
eyelid
-stasis
standing still

hem/o/stasis
blood
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture

arteri/o/stenosis
artery
-toxic
poison

thyr/o/toxic
thyroid
-trophy
development, nourishment

a/trophy
without

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