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Glossary of Medical Terminology Digestive system Ch5

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an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
bucc/o
cheek
cec/o
cecum
celi/o
belly;abdomen
cheil/o
lip
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
col/o
colon, large intestine
dent/0
tooth
duoden/o
duodenum,
enter/o
intestines, usually small intestines
esophag/o
esohpagus
faci/o
face
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gums
gloss/o
tongue
hepat/o
liver
ile/o
ileum
jejun/o
jejunum
labi/o
lip
lapar/o
abdomen
lingu/o
tongue
mandibul/o
lower jaw, mandible
odont/o
tooth
or/o
mouth
palat/o
palate,
peritone/o
peritoneum
pharyng/o
throat
proct/o
anus and rectum
pylor/o
pyloric sphincter
rect/o
rectum
sialaden/o
salivary gland
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
stomat/o
mouth
amyl/o
starch
bil/o
gall, bile
bilirubin/o
bilirubin, bile pigment
chol/e
gall, bile,
chlorhydr/o
hydrochloric acid
gluc/o;
glyc/o
sugar
glycogen/o
glycogen, animal starch
lip/o
fat, lipid
lith/o
stone; calculus
prote/o
protein
sial/o
saliva, salivary
steat/o
fat
-ase
enzyme
-chezia
defecation, elimination of wastes
-iasis
abnormal condition
-prandial
meal
-caries
decay
-plakia
plaque
-chalasia
relaxation
py/o
pus
-rrhaphy
suture
eti/o
cause
idi/o
unknown

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