Glossary of Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Therapeutic Drugs

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angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor
drug that suppresses the converstion of angiotensin in blood by angiotensin-converting enzyme; used in treatment of hypertension
drug that dilates coronary arteries, restoring oxygen to tissue to relieve pain of angina pectoris
durg that counteracts cardiac arrhythmia
drug that prevents clotting of blood commonly used in treating thrombophlebitis and myocardial infarction
drug that lowers blood pressure
beta-adrenergic blocking agents
beta blockers
agents that inhibit responses to sympathetic adrenergic nerve activity causing a slowing of electrical conduction and heart rate and a lowering of pressure within walls of vessles; used to treat angina pectoris and hypertension
calcium channel blockers
agents that inhibit entry of calcium ions in heart muscle cells causing a slowing of heart rate, lessening the demand for oxygen and nutrients, and relaxing of smooth muscle cells of blood vessels to cause dilation; used to prevent or treat angina pectoris, some arrhythmias, and hypertension
drug that increases the force of myocardial contractions in heart commonly used to treat congestive heart failure
drug that increases the secretion of urine commonly prescribed in treating hypertension
drug that reduces serum fat and cholestrol
agents that lower cholesterol in blood by inhibiting the effect of HMG-CoA reductase (liver enzyme responsible for producing cholesterol)
thrombolytic agents
drugs used to dissolve thrombi (e.g. streptokinase, tissue plasminogen activator[TPA or PA])
drug that causes narrowing of blood vessesl, decreasing blood flow
drug that causes dilation of blood vessels, increasing blood flow

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