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Glossary of Medical Terminology Chapter 4 Pg 145 - 148

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anatomical position
the person is assumed to be standing uypright, facing forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart
coronal or frontal plane
vertical division of the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) portions
sagittal plane
vertical division of the body into right and left portions
transverse plane
horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portions
anterior
front of the body
posterior
back of the body
anterior-posterior
from front to back
posterior-anterior
from back to front
superior
situated above another structure, toward the head
inferior
situated below another structure, away from the head
proximal
toward the begining or the origin of a structure
distal
away from the beginiging or origin of a structure
medial
toward the middle
lateral
toward the side
axis
line that runs through the center of the body or body part
erect
normal standing position
decubitus
lying down
lateral decubitus
lateral decubitus is lying on the side
prone
lying face down and flat
recumbent
lying down
supine
horizontal recumbent; lying flat on the back
flexion
bending at the joint so that the angle between the bon es is decreased
extension
straightening at the joint so that the angle between the bones is increased
abduction
movement away from the body
adduction
movement toward the body
rotation
circular movement around the axis
inversion
turning inward, a foot
eversion
turning outward, a foot
supination
turning upward or forward of the palmar surface
pronation
turning downward or backward of the palmar surface
dorisflexion
bending of the foot or the toes upward
plantar flexion
bending of the sole of the foot by curling the toes toward the ground
range of motion
total motion possible in a joint
goniometer
instrument used to measure joint angels

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