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Glossary of Medical Terminology Chapt 1

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The root word is
the foundation of the word
The suffix is
the word ending. All medical terms have a suffix.
The combining vowel is
usually o. Link the root to the suffix or the root to another root. The combining vowel O is dropped before a suffix that starts with a vowel is added.
How do you read a word?
start from the suffix then move to the beginning of the term.
gastr (root)
stomach
-itis (suffix)
inflammation
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach.
enter (root)
intestines
-logy (suffix)
study of
Order of roots in term that contains more that one root related to the parts of the body
anatomical position
What is a combining form?
root + combining vowel, e.g. hemat/o (means blood) Combining forms are used with many different suffixes.
-ic (suffix)
pertaining to
sub- (prefix)`
under
epi-
above
hemat/0
blood

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