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Glossary of Medical Terminology - Roots

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myos
muscle
xanth
yellow
py
pus
ambly
dull; dim
gangli
ganglion
appendic
appendix
cholangi
bile duct
myelon
bone marrow
myel
bone marrow; spinal cord
vagin
vagina
acanth
thorny, spiny
myc
fungus
my
muscle
mon
one
part
bear; give birth to; labor
metr
uterus
ped
child; foot
necr
death (cells; body)
onc
tumor
cerebell
cerebellum
fibul
fibula (lower leg)
myring
eardrum
narc
stupor
clavic
clavicle (collarbone)
coron
heart
bronchiol
bronchiole
nyct
night
neur
nerve
nephr
kidney
bronch
bronchus
brachi
arm
nyctal
night
cephal
head
celi
abdomen (abdominal cavity)
calc
calcium
burs
bursa (cavity)
bucc
cheek
cec
cecum
cancer
cancer
caud
tail; toward the lower part of the body
cardi
heart
carp
carpals (wrist bones)
colp
vagina
chir
hand
corne
cornea
cervic
cervix
cerumin
cerumen (earwax)
cerebr
cerebrum, brain
col
colon
choledoch
common bile duct
chol
gall; bile
chondr
cartilage
chrom
color
chori
chorion
acetabul
acetabulum (hip socket)
conjunctiv
conjunctiva
coni
dust
adren
adrenal gland
core
pupil
nat
birth
abdomin
abdomen
fet
fetus; unborn child
cortic
cortex (outer layer of body organ)
fibr
fibrous tissue, fibers
gastr
stomach
an
anus
ganglion
ganglion
cyan
blue
carcin
cancer
epiglott
epiglottis
valvul
valve
ocul
eye
ven
vein
noct
night
vesicul
seminal vesicles
derm
skin
gyn
woman
cheil
lip
ren
kidney
blephar
eyelid
lip
fat
radic
nerve root
erythr
red
parathyroid
parathyroid gland
epitheli
epithelium
eti
cause (of disease)
esthesi
sensation, sensitivity, feeling
episi
vulva
ectop
located away from usual place
faci
face
esophag
esophagus
crypt
hidden
epididym
epididymis
encephal
brain
emmetr
a normal measues
electr
electricity, electrical activity
endocrin
endocrine
embry
embryo; to be full
enter
intestines
diverticul
diverticulum
dors
back (of the body)
dips
thirst
dipl
two; double
duoden
duodenum
dynam
power or strength
dent
tooth
disk
intervertebral disk
dur
hard; dura mater
diaphor
sweat
sarc
flesh; connective tissue
dextr
right
dactyl
fingers or toes
dacry
tear, tear duct
cor
pupil
oste
bone
cutane
skin
culd
culdesac
cry
cold
crani
cranium (skull)
cyes
pregnancy
cost
rib
oo
egg; ovum
orth
straight
onych
nail
cyst
bladder; sac
oophor
ovary
organ
organ
orchi
testis; testicle
opt
vision
orch
testis; testicle
or
mouth
pancreat
pancreas
palat
palate
clavicul
clavicle (collarbone)
femor
femur (upper leg bone)
cyt
cell
pachy
thick
ot
ear
diaphragmat
diaphragm
dermat
skin
ox
oxygen
arteri
artery
patell
patella (kneecap)
pector
chest
arche
first; beginning
aden
gland
actin
ray; radius
acou
hearing
acr
extremities; height
adenoid
adenoids
aort
aorta
amni
amnion
alveol
alveolus
aer
air; gas
adrenal
adrenal gland
algesi
pain
albumin
albumin
aponeur
aponeurosis
anis
unequal; dissimilar
amyl
starch
amnion
amnion
antr
antrum
ech
sound
ankyl
crooked; stiff; bent
axill
armpit
urin
urine; urinary tract
aut
self
uvul
uvula
arthr
joint
arteriol
arteriole (small artery)
articul
joint
ather
yellowish; fatty plaque
atel
imperfect; incomplete
bi
life
balan
glans penis
azot
urea; nitrogen
blast
developing cell
bil
bile
sperm
spermatozoan; sperm
uter
uterus
glyc
sugar
petr
stone
phleb
vein
pub
pubis
prim
first
pneumat
lung; air
ophthalm
eye
par
bear; give birth to; labor
path
disease
omphal
umbilicu; navel
orchid
testis; testicle
papill
nipple
ov
egg
olig
scanty; few
ili
ilium
gon
seed
tendin
tendon
peritone
peritoneum
nas
nose
aur
ear
polyp
polyp; small growth
perine
perineum
vas
vessel; duct
ment
mind
valv
valve
immun
immune
pelv
pelvis; pelvic bone
ventricul
ventricle
vesic
bladder; sac
vertebr
vertebra; spinal or vertebral column
poli
gray matter
sigmoid
sigmoid
physi
nature
phak
lens of the eye
phag
eat; swallow
phac
lens of the eye
phalang
pharynx
phren
mind
phot
light
phas
speech
poikil
varied; irregular
pneum
lung; air
pleur
pleura
plasm
plasma
pod
foot
pneumon
lung; air
andr
male
radicul
nerve root
pulmon
lung
puerper
childbirth
prostat
prostate gland
proct
rectum
poster
back (of body)
psych
mind
pseud
fake; false
gnos
knowledge
radi
radius (lower arm bone)
pyel
renal pelvis
pupill
pupil
rachi
vertebra; spinal or vertebral column
quadr
four
pyr
fever; heat
pylor
pylorus (pyloric sphincter)
sial
saliva
rhin
nose
gnath
jaw
rhabd
rodshaped, striated
rect
rectum
retin
retina
sept
septum

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