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Glossary of Medical Microbiology

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Two or more organisms living togeter
Symbiosis
One organism benefits and the other does not, nor is it harmed
Commensalism
Both organism benefit from their association
Mutualism
One organism benefits causing harm to the other
Parasitism
Presence of microorganisms on inanimate objects or surfaces
Contamination
Multiplication of parasites in a host that does or doesn't cause a disease
Infection
Multiplication of larger parasites
Infestation
Disturbance in the state of health of an individual
Disease
Parasite that causes a measurable injury to the host
Pathogen
Ability of a pathogen to inflict damage
Pathogenicity
Decrease in the ability of a pathogen to cause disease
Attenuation
Microorganisms that cause disease when the proper opportunity arises
Opportunists
Presence of alleles causing a defective protein
Inherited disease
Structural and functional defects present at birth but not hereditary
Congenital disease
Disease caused by disorders related to aging
Degenerative disease

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