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Glossary of Med term-Ch.1

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adeno
gland
ic, -ical
pertaining to
arthr/o
joint
leuk/o
white
sect/o
to cut
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
-emia
blood condition
gnos/o
knowledge
cyt/o
cell
-ac
pertaining to
cardi/o
heart
-ist
specialist
thromb/o
clot, clotting
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
re-
back, backward, again
iatr/o
treatment
pro-
before
gastr/o
stomach
cix/o
to cut
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
-al
pertaining to
onc/o
tumor
sect.o
to cut
bi/o
life
radi/o
x-rays
exo-
out
electr/o
electricity
ren/o
kidney
-scopy
process of visually examining
itis
inflammation
neur/o
nerve
gynec/o
woman, female
dermat/o
skin
derm/o
skin
erythr/o
red
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or a cust (sac containing fluid)
crin/o
secrete (to form and give off)
in-
into, in
retro-
behind
-cyte
cell
sub-
below, under
nephr/o
kidney
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
ur/o
utinary tract, urine
-y
process, condition
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestine)
endo-
within
encephal/o
brain
-logy
study of
hepat/o
liver
trans-
across, through
ex-
out
cephal/o
head
-osis
condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
peri-
surrounding, around
path/o
disease
-sis
state of
sarc/o
flesh
oste/o
bone
ped/o
child
-gram
record
psych/o
mind
ophthalm/o
eye
rhin/o
nose
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brain
-scope
instrument to visually examine
-pathy
disease condition
a-, an-
no, not, without
-opsy
process of viewing
auto-
self
hypo-
deficient, below, less than normal
dia-
through, complete
epi-
above, upon
-ectomy
excision, removal
-algia
pain
-ion
process

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