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Glossary of MedTerms 9th Edition - Chap. 1

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gastr
stomach
Varicella
Chickenpox
micr/o/scope
Instrument used to see small things
micr/o/surgery
surgery using a microscope
micr/o/meter
device used to measure small things
hydr/o/phobia
fear of water
hydr/o/cele
herniation or sac containing fluid
hydr/o/therapy
treatment using water
-ic
suffix - adjective
-itis
inflammation
practitioner
one who practices
-osis
suffix - noun
-otic
suffix - adjective
-ia
suffix - noun
-us
suffix - noun
-ous
suffix - adjective
-um
suffix - noun
-ac
suffix - adjective
-e
suffix - noun
-ar
suffix - adjective
-al
suffix - adjective
contrac/tion
shortening of muscles
relaxa/tion
condition of diminished tension
One who practices psychiatry
Psychiatrist
-ity
(suffix) indicates a quality
Mucus
noun - secreted by mucous membrane
Ser/ous
mucous material lining closed body cavities
Nerv/ous
having or possessing too much stress or having a type of tissue made of NERVE cells
-ible
-able
indicate ability
ex-
squeeze or push on
The foundation of a word is a
word root
derma
skin
abdomin/o
pertaining to the abdomen
hyster/o
pertaining to the uterus
salping
fallopian tubes
oophor
ovaries
acr/o
pertaining to the extremities
megaly
enlargement
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
-logy
noun, study of
-logist
noun - one who studies
acroparalysis
loss of movement of the extremities
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
acrodermatitis
inflammation of skin on extremities
If two or more word roots are combined to build a word, this is a
compound word
When joining two word roots together you may need to us a
combining form
anemic
pertaining to lack of blood
One who makes x-ray images
radiographer
Instrument used to measure heat
thermometer
gastroduodenoscopy
looking into the stomach and duodenum with a scope
Instrument used to measure cells
Cytometer
Hydrocele
fluid/water in a cell
hyperthyroidism
Overactive thyroid gland
appendix/appendices
glandular tissue below the cecum, singular/plural
bacillus/bacilli
microorganism group (singular/plural)
brainstem
midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata
carcinoma/carcinomata
cancer (epithelial origin) (singular/plural)
carpus, carpal
wrist bone (singular/plural)
combining form
word root plus a vowel
condyle/condylar
rounded bony process (noun/adjective)
crisis/crises
acute (severe) situation (singular/plural)
Disease
abnormal function or condition
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
gastric
(adjectival form) stomach
Ilium / Iliac
upper pelvic bone, noun/adjective
larynx/larynges
voice box (sinular/plural)
lymphadenopathy
disease of a lymph gland
microbe
very small organism
micrometer
one millionth of a meter

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