Glossary of Med-Surg Nursing - 24

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

artificial skin
a synthetic substance used to replace burned skin
an injury to the tissues of the body caused by heat, chemicals, electrical current, or radiation
chemical burns
tissue injury and destruction from necrotizing substances
closed method
treatment of burn wounds with sterile dressings impregnated with or laid over a topical antibiotic
resistance to movement of a muscle or joint as a result of fibrosis of supporting soft tissues, atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers, or loss of the normal elasticity of the skin, such as from the formation of extensive scar tissue over a joint
cultured epithelial autograft
skin grafts grown from biopsies obtained from the patient's own skin
Curling's ulcer
type of gastroduodenal ulcer caused by generalized stress response common in burn patients
removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound or a burn to prevent infection and promote healing
electrical burn
injury caused by intense heat generated from an electric current resulting in coagulation necrosis
electrolyte shift
movement of sodium into interstitial spaces and potassium into extracellular spaces following burn injury
enzymatic debridement
removal of damaged tissue and cellular debris from a wound or burn using enzymatic agents that liquefy necrotic tissue
a scab or dry crust, often black, that results from trauma, such as a burn, infection, or excoriating skin disease
incisions through eschar performed when eschar formation compromises circulation
excision and grafting
procedure during which eschar is removed down to the subcutaneous tissue or fascia, depending on the degree of injury. A graft is then placed on clean, viable tissue to achieve good adherence. Hemostasis is achieved by pressure and application of topical thrombin or epinephrine, after which the wound is covered with autograft.
full-thickness burn
destruction of all skin elements and subcutaneous tissues, with possible involvement of muscles, tendons, and bones
hypermetabolic state
an increase in resting metabolic expenditure of 50% to 100% above normal; often found in burn patients
inhalation injury
damage to tissues of the respiratory tract by inhalation of smoke, hot air, or noxious chemicals in burn injury
open method
treatment of burn wounds with topical antibiotics without dressings
partial-thickness burn
varying degrees of epidermal and dermal skin injury in which some skin elements remain viable for regeneration
increased blood viscosity and impaired microcirculation resulting from fluid shifts and damage to small capillary systems early in burn injury
smoke and inhalation injuries
damage to the tissues of the respiratory tract resulting from the inhalation of hot air or noxious chemicals
thermal burns
injury caused by flame, flash, scald, or contact with hot objects; the most common type of burn
total body surface area
calculation of the percent of the body that has been burned to determine the extent of a burn

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards