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Glossary of Med-Surg Nursing - 10

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advance directives
written statements of a person's wishes if he or she is unable to communicate those wishes
bereavement
an individual's response to the loss of a significant person
brain death
the state in which the cerebral cortex stops functioning or is irreversibly destroyed
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing
death rattle
noisy, wet-sounding respirations due to mouth breathing and accumulation of mucus in the airways
death
the irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory function or the irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brainstem
end-of-life care
care provided by caregivers who are knowledgeable about personal issues and attitudes that affect the end-of-life experience for patients experiencing the inevitability of death
grief
the emotional and behavioral response to loss
hospice
a concept of care that provides compassion, concern, and support for the dying individual and significant others
palliative care
health care aimed at symptom management rather than curative treatment for diseases that no longer respond to treatment

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