Glossary of Mass Comm flashcards test 3
- What are the components of storage technologies? What does each mean?
- Longevity - how long the information can be retained in a medium
Capacity - Amount of information that can be held
Portability - how easily the medium can be moved
Accessibility - how easily the information can be accessed (bahaha...)
Reproducibility - how easily a copy can be captured
- Which component of storage technology has been sacrificed the most with improvements in technology?
- What storage technology is truly revolutionary with digital media compared to its analog counterparts? What are random access memory devices?
2) usually used for a type of computer memory and abbreviated to RAM, in storage technology terms it is a type of media that allows for readers or viewers to randomly obtain specific pieces of content they are looking for by doing searches, using an index, or taking some other action
- What complaints are often heard about news coverage of negative events such as crimes or accidents?
- Critics say that this overwhlemingly negative coverage gives the public a misleading impression that things may be worse than they actually are
- Is it common for a large portion of news to be actually manufactured by people and organizations and known about sometimes
well in advance of publication or airing?
- What is a pseudo event?
- Staged events like marches and rallies or press conferencecs --known about weeks in advance and are just a groups way of influencing what is covered in the news
- Are most newspapers and magazines made up mostly of advertising rather or actual editorial content?
- Has journalism's public service mission made the profession immune from commercial pressures?
- What is the oldest and largest news-gathering operations?
- the Associated Press
- What newspaper publisher who owned the St. Louis-Dispatch and New York World bequeathed money to start the Columbia
University School of Journalism?
- Joseph Pulitzer
- What noted newspaper publisher who owned the New York Morning Journal, was a politician, and who was immortalized in the
movie Citizen Kane?
- William Randolph Hearst
- When did the Golden Age of newspapers end?
- it began its decline in the 1920's with the development of the radio but began the steepest decline in the 1940's and '50's when television news really began to take hold.
- Have digital technologies and the Internet changed how reporters cover and write about news and what constitutes news?
- No, digital technology will leave how reporting is done relatively the same because reporters still need to visit people and places in order to get the story...digital technology does not change that
- The Hutchins Commission is notable for what reason?
- for writing a report called A Free and Responsible Press that criticed the press in the US.Made many recommendations and stated that the public has a right to inofrmation that affects it
- Is it true that traditional news media often decide how they will "frame" a story even before they have all the facts about the story?
- The goal of objectivity in news coverage has largely been abandoned today for what reason or reasons?
- Because critics said that it was impossible for someone to be truly unbiased even if theey mean to be...the editing, placement in newspaper, time slot on news channel, biases in the people who are interviewed for the piece, assignment of the story to a certain reporter...all these show some unintended bias
- Is there is a strong imbalance in the use of expert sources on television news toward white males?
- Is there is a big difference in the types of front-page stories in the average newspaper today compared to 20 years ago?
- How do most news organizations plan their news coverage for the following day?
- they put the potential stories in the AP day book and the night before, journalists go to the day book and find a story to cover the following day
- At newspapers, who decides where stories are placed on the pages?
- the editor
- Out of the various types of journalism, which tends to be the most serious?
- Health or Medical Journalism
- Which type of journalism has become more prominent in newspapers and in television news in recent years?
- Arts and Entertainment Journalism
- Journalists in which type of journalism face a double challenge in terms of getting the public's attention and clearly explaining
- Science and Technology Journalism
- Which type of journalism combines techniques of fiction such as first-person narrative and point of view with journalistic
- New Journalism
- What topics are covered by literary journalists?
- anything from foreign affairs and politics to tennis matches and geologic formations
- Which is a type of journalism that breaks from journalism tradition?
- Civic Journalism
- Have journalists been some of the earliest adopters of new digital technologies in their work?
- No, they were slow to adopt the digital technology although since 2000 they have been more willing to see the value in one product of digital technology - the Internet
- The idea that the public's growing cynicism and disaffection with politics was at least partly due to how poorly traditional
journalism covers such events is the basis for which kind of journalism?
- Civic Journalism
- What is a common criticism of civic journalism?
- Critics say that it is little more than boosterism or advocacy journalism and weakens the role of the press as a sometimes unpopular and critical voice of a community's conscience beacuse it tends to pander its audience
- Do a majority of journalists say they or their colleagues participate in online discussions or exchange e-mails with readers?
- Yes - 70% -- up from 54% in 1999
- Providing highly personalized news and raw data to the audience is an important part of what online journalism can do, but in
addition consumers will especially want what feature?
- Additions to the crime map program like finding a certain crime, location, increasing decreasing...etc... also, hyperlinks for the news of the crimes...also,
- Which is a benefit that omnidirectional imaging has for online journalism?
- It offers a 360 degree view of where a journalistic story is taking place. For example, at a crime scene, a reporter can take a picture of the entire area surrounding so that others can get a beter feel than just the view that the reporter chose`
- Which technology currently used by the military and law enforcement can be a useful tool for journalism?
- Unmanned air vehicles (UAV's)
- is the public's right to know guaranteed in the First Amendment?
- What is one of the most difficult tasks for journalists?
- Gathering proof of wrongdoing-- they are often barred from the locations they need to be at, employees are not allowed to speak to journalists, unlikely to come out in an interview
- In which medium can people not expect to have their privacy protected?
- Do journalists have special constitutional protections (beyond those of common citizens) when trying to secretly record or intercept
- The FCC prohibits broadcast news organizations from using wireless microphones in all but which of the following locations?
- in a public place like a bar
- What is an ethical consideration in covering crimes and victims of crimes?
- not revealing the names of the victims and being careful about what information regarding the events of the crimes that are included in the story so that you don't have a copycat crime
- In the Food Lion case with ABC/Disney, who did the jury find in favor?
- Food Lion
- What are the major elements in SPJ's code of ethics?
- 1) seek truth and report it
2) journalists should be honest, fair, and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information
3) test the accuracy of information form all sources and exercise care to avoid inadvertant error. Deliberate distortion is never permissible.
4) Diligently seek out subjects of news stories to give them the opportunity to respond to allegations of wrongdoing
5)Identify sources whenever feasible. The public is entitled to as much information as possible on souces reliability
6) Make certain that headlines, news teases, promotional material, photos, video, audio, graphics, sound bites, and quotations do not misrepresent. They should not oversimplify or highlight incidents outside of context
7) Never distort the content of news photos or video. Image enhancements for technical clarity is always permissible. Label montages and photo illustrations.
8) Avoid misleading re-enactments or staged news events. If re-enactment is necessary to tell a stroy, label it
9) Support the open exchange of views, even if views the journalist may find repungenant
10) Avoid undercover or other surreptitious methods of gathering information except when traditonal or open methods will not yield information vital to the public.
- Summarize the state of media businesses in the early 21st century
- The 21st century has been especailly challenging. Seen a downturn in advertising avenues. U.S. media enterprises laid off 100,000 workers. Many organizations have made the effort to make changes that have resulted in a large loss but still they are hopeful that they just went too fast and that the change will come. A really big factor has been the war on terrisom. The war causes a declining economy and high costs of reporting. Now news places will be using different types of methods to cut costs.
- What is usually the first area to get cut down when a news organization wants to cut costs?
- Investigative journalism
- What is the reason there has historically been antagonism between the business sides and editorial sides of news organizations
- The editorial side is looking to "comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfotable" and the business side is the comfortable so they often tell the editorial staff to not do a certain story or pull it so that it will not offend someone that they are on the inside with
- Which news organizations pay journalists the most on average?
- Which minority is most prevalent in U.S. newsrooms?
- African Americans
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