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Glossary of MIDDLE CHILDHOOD

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selective attention
ability to concentrate on relevant information and ignore distractions
storage strategies
the procedures an individual uses to put information into memory
rehearsal
repeating the information to be remembered
reorganization
regrouping to make it memorable
retrieval strategies
thinking of related information or trying to create a mental image of the items to be remembered
metacognition
evaluate a cognitive task to determine how best to accomplish it.
THINKING ABOUT THINKING
school-age children are more logical thinkers--piaget puts this as
concrete operational thought
the concrete thinker masters what 3 tasks
classification, seriation, and compensation
seriation
sorting objects in orderly arrangement
compensation
refers to the changes in one dimension can be offset by changed in another
iq tests are calculated by
mental age divided by chronological age calculated as an intelligence quotient percentage 100 is average
infantile autism
extreme isolation present from the 1st year of live and an obsessive insistence on preservation of sameness
name characteristics of autism
very intelligent, obsessive, dislike changes in routines, rocking behaviors
learning disabilities are a ______________ group of disorders
heterogeneous
social learning theory focuses on
behavioral patterns developed in response to environmental influences; stresses importance of cognitive processes
social learning theory differs from strict behaviorism how
social learning stresses cognitive processes
social learning theory differs from behaviorism how
emphasis is place on vicarious learning or learning by observation
bandura's research supports aggression as learned through _______ or ___________
observation or imitation

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