Glossary of MH II 1

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deformed pearl
arts created fro courts(elite only) and the church(open to everyone)
late renaissance
foreshadows baroque music
Claudio Monteverdi
brought on transition to baroque music, emphasis on affection and tonic dominant relationships
Giovanni Artusi
disliked monteverdi
Prima practica
Seconda Practica
old way of writing music, counterpoint
new style of music
goal of the composer to express a wide range of emotions and feelings
became regular and free
basso continuo
bass line is performed by one or more players who add chords above the line using established set of principles often notated by figured bass
figured bass
system of shorthand notation for keyboard players
writing out of figured bass numbers
usually played by two people, one plays the realized chords,while the other reinforces the bass
anything not part of the chord
use of chromatic scales and inflections
major-minor tonalities
set of extremes
combines text, scenery, drama, and music
intermedi or intermezzi
intermission, mini musical within a play
madrigal cycles
tied madrigals together to form a story
italian dram which tells of fairytales
ancient greek tragedies
idealized drama of late renaissance with the notion of setting an entire play to music
florentine camerata
responsible for the creation or popularism of opera
First opera
Dafne, Jacopo Peri
single melodic part instead of a colloboration of various parts
stile recitativo
type of melody which is half sung and half spoken with a simple chordal accompaniment
opera composed for marriage of henry IV and maridice
Antonio Cesti
started bel canto
bel canto
beautiful singing, smooth style of singing with diatonic lines and easy rhythms which is gratifying to the singing
vocal chamber music
could be performed at home
concertato medium
joining instrumentalists and vocalists as a unified and contrasting ensemble
accompanied solo song usually with some length or complexity as found in an opera, oratorio, or contata
short piece, basso continuo accampinement, based on a secular text
polychoral motets
ensemble divided into 2-3 groups performing singlely as well as jointly together
grand concertos
work for massive groups of instruments and singers with text; not staged
not opera because
2.)not staged
3.)emphasis on the choruses
Jean baptiste lully
italian composer
recitatif simple
recitatif measure
more like aria
steady beat
piece that is same form as conzona, only with solo melodic instrument as well and a basso continuo
improvisitory piece for keyboard
recitativo secco
recitativo accompaynota
just basso continuo
full orchestra
brief serious composition for keyboard, in which one theme alone is continually developed in imitation
instrumental piece in several contrasting sections, each on different theme and fugal imitation
presenting of theme followed by a variation of that theme
veuns and adonis
john blow
sung play or opera, with songs and spoken dialogue
secular contata
short work about 15 minutes alternating recitative and arias with basso continuo
evolved from tocatta
equal temperment
tuning in 1/2 steps
chorale prelude
organ arrangement of the chorale played before the choir sings the chorale
allemande-fast dance
courante-hemiola feel
sarabande-slow dance
gigue-lively, triplets
french opera overture
1. slow introduction with double dot rhythm
2. fast canzona type section

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