Glossary of MHIII Final
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- Modal melodies,
uncomplicated rhythms repetition of motives,
strong contrasts of orchestral timbres and textures
Created new melodies that sounded fresh and familiar
Did conventional, but in a new way
- Repetitive unresolved music
Commentary inside music, not on program
- Committed to German classic tradition
Used 12 tone method.
Continue tradition, and say something that hadn’t been said before.
Thought nothing should repeated
Organized his atonal music:
Developing variation, integration of harmony and melody, and chromatic saturation.
Created pitch-class set
Created 12 tone method, or row form.
Created Sprechstimme-A form of dramatic declamation between singing and speaking
- Studied with Schoenberg
Mixed atonal, and tonal, with expressive gestures.
Eventually adapted 12 tone style
- Studied with Schoenberg
Felt music operates under natural law, and not taste.
Adopted 12 tone method.
- Russian nationalist
Layering blocks of sound
Dissonance based on diatonic, octatonic
Dry, colorful use of instruments
Borrowed Russian folk tunes
Neotonal-using new way to establish a note as a tonal center.
12 tone-became serial music.
- Combined Hungarian, Romanian, Slovak, and Bulgarian.
Studied Hungarian Peasant music
Used piano as more percussive
Pushed limits of dissonance
Combined classic(formal procedures) with peasant tradition (complex meters, mixed modes)
- All work was created in a politicized context.
Expand # of movements
Overlay tonal areas
Tight dissonant chords
- Combined modernism and American national idioms
Gay, Jewish, Leftie
Borrowed traditional songs
Wide spaced sonorities, octaves, and fifths.
- John Cage
- Focused on new sounds
Prepared piano-inserting objects in between strings
Influenced by Buddhism
Used: Chance, indeterminacy, and blurring art, music, and life.
- Atonal School
- Led us into 20th century
Serial, 12 tone school
Schoenberg (Father of Atonal)-2 disciples=Berg and Webern
1.) Indeterminacy (John Cage) Philosophical composition technique (“Chance”)
2.) Electronic Music
3.) Minimalism- small idea repeated over and over again
Bitonality-two keys, spread apart
- Utilization of rhythm
Stravinsky-3 Ballet Suite
Rite of Spring
- Neo Classicism
- 18th Century Aesthetics, with 20th century tonal language
Nationalism, French Les Six (Honegger, Poulenc, Milhaud)
- Neo Romanticism
1.) 19th century aesthetics, Rejects new work, hate atonal music, compose as if it never occurred.
2.) 19th century aesthetics, 20th century harmonic language
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