Glossary of MDT Blood and Lymphatics Unit 15
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- An abnormal accumulation of potential lymph in the interstitial space due to inflammation/mechanical obstruction is?
- Secondary Lymphedema
- How is secondary lymphedema differentiated from primary lymphedema?
- It is differentiated by the cause of the lymphedema.
- What can cause secondary lymphedema?
- Mechanical or inflammatory obstruction.
- In the TX of secondary lymphedema you would elevate the foot of the bed what degrees?
- 15-20 degrees
- If an infection develops in secondary lymphedema what would be the appropiate TX?
- Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics.
- What are the complications of untreated secondary lymphedema?
- This is a pathological form of coagulation that is diffuse rather than localized.
- Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)
- What can usually cause DIC?
- Serious underlying illnesses:
Severe tissue injury
- Spontaneous bleeding from surgical or invasive procedure sites, bleeding gums, and ecchymosis are characteristics of what disease?
- Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)`
- If an abcess occurs in lymphadenitis what is the proper TX?
- Incision and Drainage
- For severe cases of Lymphangitis what is the proper RX?
- PCN G 400,000 units IV q6h
- What is the primary RX for TX of Lymphangitis caused by Streptococcus
- PCN 250mg po qid
- In the TX of Lymphangitis, if the pt. has sensitivity to PCN what alternative RX could be given?
- Erythromycin 250mg qid
- Hypotension or vascualar collapse during the administration of solutions, blood, or plasma is a sign of what?
- Hemolytic transfusion reaction
- Petechia, pupura, mucosal bleeding, and epistaxis are all characteristics of what disease?
- Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
- What is a TX for Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura?
- Administration of Platelet concentrates
- What is the TX for Iron deficiency anemia?
- Replacement therapy with Ferrous Sulfate 325mg tid
- What is a potential side effect of Ferrous Sulfate replacement therapy?
- Abdominal surgeries, gastrectomy, blind loop syndrome can lead to what?
- Vitamin B12 Deficiency (Cyanocobalamin Deficiency)
- What is the hallmark of vitamin B12 deficiency?
- Megaloblastic Anemia
- Aggressive TX of B12 deficiency can cause death due to what?
- This potentially fatal disease can be masked by Vit B12 deficiency and can be unmasked by replacement therapy?
- Polycythemia Vera
- What can cause an inadequate utiliztion of Folic Acid?
Vit. B12 deficiency
- Which Thalassemia has a normal life expectancy requiring no TX?
- T. Minor (Alpha)
- In regards to human development what is a complication of Thalassemia?
- Decreased growth rates, decreased puberty or absent puberty.
- This is an inherited disorder transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait that causes an abnormality of the globin genes of hemoglobin?
- Sickle Cell Anemia
- In Sickle Cell Anemia a transfusion would be required for TX of what?
- Life threating events such as sepsis, SEVERE INFECTIONS, cva, organ failure.
- This is a inherited disorder that is transmitted as an x-linked recessive trait.
- G6PD Deficiency
- Administering Antimalarials or any oxidant drugs to a G6PD deficient pt. could result in what?
- Episodic Hemolytic Anemia, Jaundice, Dark urine
- An abnormal accumilation of tissue fluid in the interstial space that results from congenital developmenatal abnormalities due to hypoplasia or hyperplastic involvement?
- Primary Lymphedema
- Administration of the lacking clotting factors is the TX for what?
- Hemophilia (depending on type)
- What is the TX for mild cases of Hemophilia?
- What is a malignancy of the blood forming cells in the bone marrow?
- What is the hallmark sign of acute leukemia?
- Combination of Pancytopenia and Circulating blast
- In lymphoma the consumption of ETOH will cause what?
- Immediate pain to the disease area.
- A heterogeneous group of disease consisting of neoplastic proliferation of lymphoid cells that usually disseminate throughout the body.
- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
- Describe the progress of nodes in Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
- Initially rubbery and discrete later become matted
- What characteristics will be revealed on a pt. with aplastic anemia
- What is the primary tx. for aplastic anemia
- Bone Marrow transplant from identical twin or person with human lymphocyte antigen
- Anemia is classified on the basis of mean corpuscular volume which is what
- What extrinsic defect will cause excessive blood loss in anemia.
- What etiological factor will cause deficient erythropoiesis
- Aplastic Anemia
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