Glossary of Living With Art - Test 1
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- Oldest known painting?
- Chauvet Caves in France.
- Since the cave showed many animals that were hunted for food, this could mean the paint was a form of______.
- 2 other things were painted in the cave other than animals hunted for food.
1)__________ & 2)____________
- 1) animals not hunted for food
2) outlines of the human hand
- What are the 5 things an artist does when creating a work of art?
2)Give tangible form to________
3)Give tangible form to________
5)Man seeks to understand_____________
2)Give tangible form to the unknown
3)Give tangible form to feelings/ides
5)Man has sought to understand 3 major areas of life through art.
2)World around him
- Art allows us to experience____________________________________________________________________
- Art allows us to experience a way of seeing that may be different from our own.
- What are the 8 aspects of creativity?
- True or False.
Is every person creative?
Every person IS creative.
- Creative people tend to be very ______ & _______.
- AWARE & PERCEPTIVE
- Can creativity be developed?
- Can creativity be suppressed?
- An example of un suppressed creativity is Ellsworth Kelley.
- Traditional/ naturalistic artist. Drafted in WW2. Painted camoflage. Stationed in \Paris near the end of the war. Noticed the shapes present between bulidings which made him realize what he THOUGHT of as abstract shapes were present in reality. His worl later evolved into shapes.
- We study art for 4 reasons.
- 1.Visual history of experiences
2. Future generation can look back and learn a great d eal about us.
3.History deals with hard facts, while art history shows us interpretations of "history" through the artist's eyes. Ignored events/concerns in history will show up in art.
4.Art reflects the technology of its time.
- What is a megalith?
Best known example of megalith art?
- Large Stone
Stonehenge in England...which was likely a ritual place.
- What is the figure in a work of art?
- The object we distinguish.
- What is the ground in a work of art?
- The ground is the backdrop we see the figure against.
- In 2-dimensional art, the relationship between the principal forms (the figure) and what we see as the background figure/ground suggest equal importance of the 2.
- Figure/Ground Relationship
- Beautiful writing is called __________.
- The identification, descriptioin and interpretation of subject matter in art.
- Iconography involves_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
- The iconography of a work of art involves elements having their own unique meaning...and when combined within the work of art...they add to and enhance the overall mean of the piece of art.
- Should art always have a clear meaning?
It forces people to think and some up with their own personal meaning for the piece of art.
- The viewer brings___________________________________________________________________________________________________to a work of art.
- Their own ideas and experiences that are uniquely theirs to develope an interpretation to the work's meaning.
- The human mind looks for _______ to percieve meaning.
- If something is in a museum, does that ALONE make it great?
- If the artist is great, is EVERYTHING they create great?
- *Your own opinion*
- _______ is the physical appearance of a work of art--its material, style, and composition.
- ___________ ART
takes subject matter from the re al world and represents the world more or less as we see it.
- Representation Art
- 3 forms of REpresentational art
- 1. Naturalistic-Faithfull depict how things really look in nature
2. Stylized- start to depart from how things REALLY look...some aspect are emphasized and others demphesized
3. Abstraction-taking certain aspects of visual reality and simplifying and/or combining them.
- ____________ Art makes no attempt to look like anything in the real world. Art elements (such as color and line) and design principles (such as balance) ARE the subject matter.
- Non-representartional art
- Style in art
(Think also of style in clothing, music)
- Think of style as being consistant and predictable. You expect certain things of a certain style.
*The collected and consistant characteristics found in an artist work (Van Gogh's style of brush strokes and layers of paint)
- Style can lso identify an artwork with ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
- An individual artist
a school/group of artists
- ________________ is a work of art/composition made of 2 panals side by side
*remember "di" means 2
- Form can also simply be___________________________________________________________________
- any identifiable shape or mass...as in a "geometric form."
- There are 9 themes and Purposes of Art
- 1. Arts and Daily Life
2. The Sacred REalm
3. The Social Order
4. Story Telling
5. Hereand Now
6. the Human Experience
7. Invention and Fantasy
8. Art and Nature
9. Art and Art
- Themes and Purposes of Art
- *Study the handout*
- There are 7 Visual elements
2. Shape and Mass
3.Light and Value
5.Texture and Pattern
7.Time and Motion
- Line does 3 things
- 1. Countours- the percieved boundarieds of 3D forms
2. Outilne-defines a 2D space
3. gives direction and movement
1.give borders to forms
2.imply direction and movement
- Implied lines
- Are lines bade of forms...such as people in a line...that form a line.
Can also be a line of vision between characters in art tha we notice and follow.
- __________ is a 2D form that occupies and area with identifiable boundaries
- ____________ is a 3D form that occupies the volume of a space.
- Shapes and Masses fit into 2 catagories
- 1. Organic- evoke the shapes of nature
2.Geometric- shapes of geometry (such as squares and triangles) with sharp.defines edges that seem man made
- Light and Value
- 1. Implied light-using different values (lights and darks) to show the contrast of light and shadow in the natural world
2. Actual light-changes in light affect the artist creating the art...and the viewer looking at art in different lighting
- There are 3 types of color
- 1.Primary- basic colors( yellow,blue and red)
2.Secondary- the colors made by mixing 2 primary colors (green, violet,and orange)
(red and yellow are primary colors...mixing them creates orange, a secondary color)
3. Tertiary- the colors made by mixing a secondary color with a primary color (yellow-green, blue-green, etc.)
(Mixing the primary color, red. and the secondary color ,orange, will create the tertiary color ,red-orange.)
- _________is the name of a color
(such as blue, greed, red, yellow...)
- ____________ is the darkness of a color/hue
pink is a light value of red (a lighter color is a tint)
maroon is a dark value of red( a darker color is a shade)
- _____________ refers to the "purity" of a color
(all 3 words mean the same thing)
high intensity=bright color
low intensity=a grayed version of the color
- Colors of light are mixed using the _____________________ process
- Additive process
Mixing clors of light creates lighter colors
Red, Green, and blue are the colors of light's primary colors
red+green+blue= white light
- ____________process is used to mix pigments
- subtractive process
When we see a red chair...the chair has absorned all the other pigment colors but red, which it reflects.
When different pigments are mixed, it makes a darker/duller color. The closer the pigments are on the color wheel, the duller a color they make when mixed.
- Color harmonies
- 1. monochromatic-one color
(blue, ligh blue, dark blue...)
2. Complementary- opposites on a color wheel (red&green, Violet&yellow, blue and orange)
3.Analagous triad- 3 colrs nest to each other on a color wheel ( red, red-orange, and orange)
- optical effects of color
- 1.Simultaneous contrast- 2 complementay colors next to each other make each seem brighter
(red is redder and green is greener)
2. optical color mixture- small patches of color nextto each other blend visually in a way that we see different colors
(Georges Seurat's pointilism technique)
- emotion effects of color
- Blue sudgest peace, calm, tranquiltiy as well as sadness
complementary colors can suggest difference and unity
*van gog's painting of a cafe using complementary colors to suggest an environment so tens it could drive someone to crime
- texture and pattern
- 1. actual texture- tactile, we experience the texture by actually touching it
2. visual texture-our eyes associate a texture with markings in a painting or work of art
3. pattern- any decorative, repitive motif or design
- 1. 3D space- forms with mass exist in 3D space...they take their form by carving out volumes of space within and around them
2. Implied space- suggesting depth in 2D on the picture plane
- ___________-an imaginary flat surface that is assumed to be identical with the surface of a painting.
forms in the painting are meant to be seen in the deep 3d space behind the "picture plane"
- picture plane
PP is associated with the foreground of a painting
- Implied space
- 1.linear perspective-the observation that parallell lines seem to converge as they recede from the viewer, finally meeting at a vanishing point on the horizion. Relies on a fixed viewpoint.
2.foreshortening-a way of portraying forms on a 2D surface so that they appear to project ro recede from the picture plane
3.attmospheric perspective- the observation that distant objects appear less distinct, paler,and bluer than near by objects due to the way moisture in the intervening atmosphere scatter light
4.Isometric prespective- diagonal lines, no consistant vanishing point...uses diagonal lines to convey...parallell lines do no converge, used in east asian art recession
- time and motion
- time is elemnt in which we live
and motion is the very sign of life
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