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Glossary of Lesson 8- Latin Nouns and Adjectives

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AUR-
combining form

ear
LATER-
combining form

side
OSS-
combining form

bone
RADIC-
combining form

root
SOPOR-
combining form

sleep
VAS-
combining form

vessel
ab- (a- rarely before certain consonants; abs before c and t)
prefix

away from
ad- (ac- before c; af- before f; ag- before g; al- before l; an- before n; ap- before p; as- before s; a- before sp; at- before t)
prefix

to, toward
ambi-
prefix

both
ante-
prefix

before, forward
bi- (bin-, bis-)
prefix

two, twice, double, both
circum-
prefix

around
con- (co- before h; col- before l; com- before e, m, and p; cor- before r)
prefix

together, with; thoroughly, very
contra-
prefix

against opposite
de-
prefix

down, away from, absent
dis- (di- before g,v, and usually before l; dif- before f)
prefix

apart, away
ex- (e- before certain consonants; ef- before f)
prefix

out of, away from
extra- (rarely extro-)
prefix

on the outside, beyond
in- (il- before l; im- before b, m, and p; ir- before r)
prefix

very, thoroughly
in-
prefix

not
infra-
prefix

beneath, below
inter-
prefix

between
intra- (rarely intro-)
prefix

within
non-
combining form/prefix

nine, ninth
mult- (often multi-)
prefix

many, much, affecting many parts
ob- (oc- before c; op- before p)
prefix

against, toward; very, thoroughly
per- (pel- before l)
prefix

through; very, thoroughly
post
prefix

after, following, behind
pre-
prefix

before, in front of
pro-
prefix

forward, in front
re-
prefix

back again
retro-
prefix

backward, in back, behind
se-
prefix

apart, away from
semi-
prefix

half
sub- (suf before f; sup- before p)
prefix

under
super- (often supra)
prefix

over, above; excess
trans
prefix

across, through
ultra
prefix

beyond, excess
uni-
combining form/prefix

one
bi-, bin-, bis-
combining form/prefix

two, twice, double, both
tri-
combining form/prefix

three
quadr-
combining form/prefix

four
quint-
combining form/prefix

five, fifth
sex-, sext-
combining form/prefix

six, sixth
sept-
combining form/prefix

seven
oct-, octa-
combining form/prefix

eight
dec-, deca-
combining form/prefix

ten, one-tenth
-al
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to
-an
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to, located in
-ar
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to, located in
-arium
noun forming suffix

denotes a place for something
-ary
noun forming suffix suffix

a place for something
-ate
adjective forming suffix

having the form of, possessing
-ia
noun forming suffix

state, condition, process, procedure
-ian
noun forming suffix

indicates an expert in a certain field
-ic
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to
-id
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to
-ile
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to, capable of
-ine
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to, located in
-ive
adjective forming suffix

pertaining to
-lent
adjective forming suffix

full of
-ose
adjective forming suffix

full of
-ous
adjective forming suffix

full of
-ty
noun forming suffix

?
-y
noun forming suffix

state, condition
ABDOMIN-
combining form

belly, abdomen
ADIP-
combining form

fat
BACILL-
combining form

(rod, staff) bacillus
BURS-
combining form

(leather sack) bursa
CALC-
combining form

stone, calcium, lime (salts)
CALOR-
combining form

heat, energy
CAPIT-
combining form

head
CEREBR-
combining form

brain
COST-
combining form

root
DENT-
combining form

tooth
DORS-
combining form

back (of the body)
EXTERN-
combining form

outer
FIBR-
combining form

fiber, filament
FISTUL-
combining form

(tube, pipe) fistula, an abnormal tubelike passage in the body
FRIG-, FRIGOR-
combining form

cold
INSUL-
combining form

island
INTERN-
combining form

inner
MEAT-
combining form

passage, opening, meatus (pronounce me-ate-us)
NAS-
combining form

nose
PUR-
combining form

pus
RADIC-, RAD-, RADIX
combining form

root
REN-
combining form

kidney
SANGUI(N)-
combining form

blood
SON-
combining form

sound
SYNOV-
combining form

synovial fluid, synovial membrane or sac
TUB-
combining form

(trumpet) tube
TUSS-
combining form

cough
VACC-
combining form

cow
VIR-, VIRUS-
combining form

(poison, venom) virus
VISCER-
combining form

internal organ(s)

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