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Glossary of Lesson 2 prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms

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amphi-, ampho-
prefix

on both sides, around, both:
ana-
prefix

up,back,against
apo-
prefix

away from
cata- (cat-)
prefix

downward, disordered
dia- (di-)
prefix

through,across,apart
eso-
prefix

within,inner,inward
eu-
prefix

good,normal,healthy
heter- hetero-
prefix

different, other, relationship to another
homo- , homeo-
prefix

same, likeness
meta- (met-)
prefix

change, transformation, after,behind
para- (par-)
prefix

alonside, aorund, abnormal, beyond
pro-
prefix

before
pros- prosth-
prefix

in place of
-al
adjective-forming suffix

pertaining to, located in
-ase
suffix

forms names of enzymes
-asia, - asis
noun-forming suffix

state, condition
-ema
noun-forming suffix

state, condition
-esis
noun-forming suffix

condition, procedure
-etic
adjective-forming suffix

pertaining to
-ics, -tics
noun-forming suffix

science or study of
-ism
noun-forming suffix

state, condition, quality,
-ismus
noun-forming suffix

condition, muscular spasm
-old , -ode, -id
noun and adjective forming suffix

like, resembling
oma
noun-forming suffix

usually tumor, occasionally disease
-ose
adjective-forming suffix

full of, resembling
-ous
adjective-forming suffix

pertaining to, charaterized by, full of
-tics
noun-forming suffix

science or study of
-us
noun-forming suffix

condition, person (sometimes a malformed fetus)
-ize
verb-forming suffix

to make,become,cuase to be,subject to,engage in
acr-
combining form

[highest point] extremities (particular the hands and feet)
ambly-
combining form

dull, faint
carcin-
combining form

[crab] carinoma, cancer
-cel-
combining form

hernia, tumor, swelling
cheir-,chir-
combining form

hand
chol(e)-
combining form

bile, gall
col(i)-,colon-
combining form

colon
cyan-
combining form

blue
cyst(i)-, cystis
combining form

bladder, cyst
diplo-
combining form

double, twin
enter-
combining form

(small) intestine
erg-
combining form

action, work
gastr-
combining form

stomach
hem-,hemat-,-em-
combining form

blood
hepar-, hepat-
combining form

liver
lip-
combining form

fat
macr-
combining form

(abnormally) large or long
mega-, megal-
combining form

(abnormally) large or long
melan-
combining form

dark, black
micr-
combining form

(abnormally) small
nyct-
combining form

night
odyn-
combining form

pain
onc-
combining form

tumor
pachy-
combining form

thick
psued-
combining form

false
py-
combining form

pus
sarc-
combining form

flesh, soft tissue
spasm-
combining form

spasm, involuntary muscle contraction
splen-
combining form

spleen
stom-,stomat-
combining form

mouth, openining

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