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Glossary of Lesson 2 Terms

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amphi-, ampho-
Prefix
On both sides, around, both
ana-
Prefix
Up, back, against
apo-
Prefix
Away from
cata-(cat-)
Prefix
Downward, disordered
dia-(di-)
Prefix
Through, across, apart
eso-
Prefix
Within, inner, inward
eu-
Prefix
Good, normal, healthy
heter-, hetero
Prefix
Different, other, relationship to another
homo-, homeo-
Prefix
Same, likeness
meta- (met-)
Prefix
Change, transformation, after, behind
para- (par-)
Prefix
Alongside, around, abnormal, beyond
pro-
Prefix
Before
pros-, prosth-
Prefix
In place of
-al
Adjective-forming Suffix
Pertaining to, located in
-ase
Noun-forming suffix
Enzyme name
-asia, -asis
Noun-forming Suffix
State, condition
-ema
Noun-forming Suffix
State, condition,
-emat-
Combining Form
State, condition
-esis
Noun-forming Suffix
Sate, condition, procedure
-etic
Adjective-forming Suffix
Pertaining to
-ics, -tics
Noun-forming Suffix
Indicates a particular science or study; science or study of
-ism
Noun-forming Suffix
State, condition, quality
-ismus
Noun-forming Suffix
State, condition, muscular spasm
-oid, -ode, -id
Noun and Adjective-forming Suffix
Indicates a particular shape, form, or resemblance; like, resembling
-oma
Noun-forming Suffix
Usually tumor; occasionally diseaes
-omat- (plural -omata-)
Combining Form
Usually tumor; occasionally diseases
-ose
Adjective-forming Suffix
Form names of chemical substances: full of, resembling
-ous
Adjective-forming Suffix
Pertaining to, characterized by, full of
tics
Plural form of -ics
-us
Noun-forming Suffix
Condition, person (sometimes a malformed fetus)
-ize
Verb-forming Suffix
To make, become, cause to be, subject to, engage in
-ate
Noun-forming Suffix
Chemical Substance
-ide
Noun-forming Suffix
Chemical Substance
-ite
Noun-forming Suffix
Chemical Substance
-one
Noun-forming Suffix
Chemical Substance
coli-
Prefix or Combining Form
Refer to the colon bacillus, E. coli
cyst(i)-
Combining Form
Urinary bladder
cholecyst-
Combining Form
Gallbladder
acr-
Combining Form
extremities (usually hands and feet)
ambly-
Combining Form
dull, faint
carcin-
Combining Form
carcinoma, cancer
-cel-
Combining Form
hernia, tumor, swelling
cheir-, chir-
Combining Form
hand
chol(e)-
Combining Form
bile, gall
col(i)-, colon-
Combining Form
colon
cyan-
Combining Form
blue
cyst(i)-, -cystis
Combining Form
bladder, cyst
diplo-
Combining Form
double, twin
enter-
Combining Form
(small) intestine
erg-
Combining Form
action, work
gastr-
Combining Form
stomach
hem-, hemat-, -em-
Combining Form
blood
hepar-, hepat-
Combining Form
liver
lip-
Combining Form
fat
macr-
Combining Form
(abnormally) large or long
mega-, megal-
Combining Form
(abnormally) large or long
melan-
Combining Form
dark, black
micr-
Combining Form
(abnormally) small
nyct-
Combining Form
night
odyn-
Combining Form
pain
onc-
Combining Form
tumor
pachy-
Combining Form
thick
pseud-
Combining Form
false
py-
Combining Form
pus
sarc-
Combining Form
flesh, soft tissue
spasm-
Combining Form
spasm, involuntary muscular contraction
splen-
Combining Form
spleen
stom-, stomat-
Combining Form
mouth, opening

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