Glossary of Law 306 Vocb for Ch. 1
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- A BODY OF RULES OF CONDUCT WITH LEGAL FORCE AND EFFECT PRESCRIBED BY THE CONTROLLING AUTHORITY (THE GOVERNMENT) OF A SOCIETY
- COMMON LAW
- The body of law developed from cusom or judicial decisions in English and U.S. courts, no attributable to a legislature.
- A judicial preceeding for the determination of a dispue between parties in which rights are enforced or protected, or public offenses are prosecuted. The term can refer to a civil proceeding or a criminal proceeding.
- A proceeding by one person against another in a court to obtain the enforcement or protection of a right., the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense
- A court decision that furnishes an example or authority for deciding subsequent cases in which identical or similiar facts are presented
- STARE DECISES
- A flexible doctrine of the courts , recognizing the value of following prior decisions in cases similar to the one before the court: the courts' practice of being consistent with prior decisions based on similar facts
- A judicial proceeding for the determination of a dispute between parties in which rights are enforced or protected, wrongs are prevented or redressed, or public offenses are prosecuted. Also referred to as a lawsuit. The term is rarely allpied to a criminal procsecution.
- Money sought as remedy for a harm suffered
- CAUSE OF ACTION
- A situaion or state of facts that gives a person a right to intitate a judical preceeding
- CASE LAW
- Rules of law announced in court decisions. Case law includes the cases that interpret judicial precedents, statuted, regulations and constitutional prvisions
- LAW SUIT
- A judicial proceeding for the determination of a dispute between parties in which rights are enforced or protected, wrongs are prevented or redressed, or public offenses are procecuted. Also referred to a suit. The term is rarely applied to a criminal prosecution
- STATUTORY LAW
- Laws enacted by a legislative body (as opposed to constitutional law, administrative law, or case law)
- ADMINISTRATION LAW
- A body of laws created by admistrative agencies such as the SEC and the FTC in the form of rules, regulations, orders, and decisions in order to carry out their duties and responsibilities. The law can initially be enforced by these agenceis outside the judicial process.
- CIVIL LAW
- A branch of law dealing with the definition and enforcement of all private or public rights as opposed to criminal matters.
- CRIMINAL LAW
- Law that governs and defines those actions that are crimes and that subject the convicted offender to punishment imposed by the government.
- CIVIL LAE SYSTEM
- A system of law derived from that of the Roman Empire and based on a code rather thaan case law; the predominant systen of law in the nations of continential Europe and the nations that were once their colonies. In the United Stated, Louisiana is the only state that has elements of a civil law system
- INTERNATIONAL LAW
- A law that governs relations among nations. International customs and treaties are generally considered to be two of the most important sources of interlation law
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