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Glossary of Latin Military Vocabulary

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miles, miletis, m
soldier
militaris, e
military (adj)
militia, ae, f
military, warfare
nex, necis, f
death, murder
remex, remigis, m
a rower; oar
praes, praedis, m
surety
vas, vadis, m
surety, bail
obses, obsidis, m
hostage
custos, custodis, m
guard
calcar, calcaris, n
spur
compes, compedis, f
fetter
ensis, ensis, m
sword
indutiae, arum, fpl
truce
insidiae, arum, fpl
ambush, treachery
moenia, moenium, npl
city walls
auxilia, npl
reinforcements, allied troops
copiae, fpl
forces
armiger, a, um
arms-bearing
arx, arcis, f
fortress, stronghold
pedes, peditis, m
foot-soldier
funis, funis, m
rope, cord
agger, aggeris, m
rampart; mound
agmen, agminis, n
column, army
machaera, ae, f
single-edged sword
mucro, onis, m
sharp point, sword-edge
spatha, ae, f
broadsword
scutum, i, n
shield
scutatus, a, um
armed with a shield
scutulum, i, n
little shield
testudo, inis, f
tortoise, tortoise-shell
covinnus, i, m
chariot
aegis, aegidis, f
shield
clipeum (clipeus), i, n (m)
shield
clipeatus, a, um
shield-bearing
parma, ae, f
shield (round)
proeliator, oris, m
warrior
foedus, eris, n
treaty, alliance
galea, ae, f
helmet
acies, ei, f
formation
gladius, i, m
sword

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