Glossary of Latin Case Uses 2

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indicates the material of which a thing is made
Genitive of Material
depends on a noun of verbal meaning

used as the object of the verbal idea
Objective Genitive
expresses the purpose for which a person or thing serves
Dative of Purpose
used with sum

expresses the idea of possession
Dative of Possession
tells in what specific respect a verb or an adjective holds true
Ablative of Specification
indicates a cause or reason
Ablative of Cause
used with comparatives and adverbs suggesting comparison

indicates the degree of difference in the comparison
Ablative of Degree of Difference
used with cardinal numbers (besides milia) and with quidam (a certain one)

expresses the idea of the whole
Ablative with Cardinal Numbers (and with Quidam)
used with a modifying abjective to modify another noun
Genitive and Ablative of Description
used after a word designating a part of a whole

expresses the whole of some thing or group
Partitive Genitive = Genitive of the Whole (98-99)
used with an adjective

indicates the direction (literal or metaphorical) in which the adjective applies
Dative with Adjective
used with the passive periphrastic

indicates the agent of the action
Dative of Agent
indicates place where
Ablative of Place Where
indicates a person/thing to whom some statement refers, or from whose perspective it is true, or to whom it is of special interest
Dative of Reference or Interest
indicates for how long a period of time the action occurs
Accusative of Duration of Time
used to indicate subject with an infinitive phrase in an indirect statement
Accusative with Infinitive in Indirect Statement
indicates place to which
Accusative of Place to Which
consists of noun/pronoun and modifying participle

describes general circumstances under which the action occurs
Ablative Absolute
indicates accompaniment
Ablative of Accompaniment
used adverbially to modify, or limit, the verb
Ablative as Adverbial Case
indicates manner
Ablative of Manner
indicates place from which
Ablative of Place From Which
indicates separation
Ablative of Separation
indicates personal agent
Ablative of Personal Agent
indicates means
Ablative of Means
indicates time when or within which
Ablative of Time When or Within Which

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