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Glossary of Latin 1st Declension Nouns Chapter 2

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fama
fama, famae

rumor, report, fame
forma
forma, formae

form, shape, beauty
fortuna
fortuna, fortunae

fortune, luck
ira
ira, irae

ire, anger
nauta
nauta, naute (Masc)

sailor
patria
patria, patriae

fatherland, country
pecunia
pecunia, pecuniae

money
philosophia
philosophia, philosophiae

philosophy
poena
poena, poenae

penalty, punishment
poenas dare
poenas dare

to pay the penalty
poeta
poeta, poetae (Masc)

poet
porta
porta, portae

gate, entrance
puella
puella, puellae

girl
rosa
rosa, rosae

rose
sententia
sententia, sententiae

feeling, thought, opinion, sentence
vita
vita, vitae

life, mode of life
antiqua
antiqua, antiquae

ancient, old-time
magna
magna, magnae

large, great, important
mea
mea, meae

my
multa
multa, multae

much, many
tua
tua, tuae

your
et
et

and, even
et...et
et...et

both...and
sed
sed

but
O
O! Oh!
sine
without
est
is
agricola
agricola, agricolae (Masc)

farmer
vocative rule
vocative and nominative noun declensions are the same
Adjectives have to agree with nouns in:
gender, number, and case
nominative
subject
1st declension ending:
s- a
pl- ae
genitive
posession (of)
1st decl ending:
s- ae
pl- arum
dative
indirect object (to/for)
1st decl ending:
s- ae
pl- is
accusative
direct object
1st decl ending:
s- am
pl- as
ablative
adverbial (by/with/from)
1st decl ending:
s- a
pl- is
vocative
direct address (Oh!)
1st decl ending (same as nominative):
s- a
pl- ae

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