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Glossary of Latin 1 Grammar

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1rst declension noun endings
a ae
ae arum
ae is
am as
a is
2nd declension noun endings
us (um) i (a)
i orum
o is
um os (a)
o is
3rd declension noun endings
_ es (a)
is um
i ibus
em (_) es (a)
e ibus
4th declension noun endings
us (u) us (ua)
us (us) uum
ui (u) ibus
um (u) us (ua)
u (u) ibus
5th declension noun endings
es es
ei erum
ei ebus
em es
e ebus
"us, a, um" adjectives
take endings from the first and second declensions
3rd declension adjectives with three parts
each part shows a separate gender
3rd declension adjectives with two parts
first part shows M and F, second part show N
3rd declension adjectives with one part
first part is M, F, and N, only different in acc sing. and pl. and nom pl.
UNUS NAUTA
adjectives that have ius for their genetives
unus
nullus
ullus
solus
neuter
alter
uter
totus
alius
How are comparatives made?
stem + "ior" (m,f), "ius" (n)
How are adverbs made?
with 1st and 2nd decl. adj.: stem + e
with 3rd decl. adj.: stem + "iter"
How are comparative adverbs made?
stem + "ius"
How are superlatives made?
stem + "issimus"
What are the superlatives that don't follow the rule?
facilis (easy), difficilis (difficult), similis (similar), dissimilis (not similar), gracilis (slim, slender, thin, skinny, insignificant), humilis (humble, low) + any 'r's

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