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Glossary of Language of Medicine

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ab- (prefix)
away from
abdomin/o (combining form)
abdomen
-ac (suffix)
pertaining to
acanth/o (combining form)
spiny; thorny
acetabul/o (combining form)
acetabulum (hip socket)
acous/o (combining form)
hearing
acr/o (combining form)
extremities; top; extreme point
acromi/o (combining form)
acromion (extension of shoulder bone)
actin/o (combining form)
light
acu/o (combining form)
sharp; severe; sudden
-acusis (suffix)
hearing
ad- (prefix)
toward
aden/o (combining form)
gland
adenoid/o (combining form)
adenoids
adip/o (combining form)
fat
adren/o (combining form)
adrenal gland
adrenal/o (combining form)
adrenal gland
aer/o (combining form)
air
af- (prefix)
toward
agglutin/o (combining form)
clumping; sticking together
-agon (suffix)
to assemble, gather
agora- (prefix)
marketplace
-agra (suffix)
excessive pain
-al (suffix)
pertaining to
alb/o (combining form)
white
albin/o (combining form)
white
albumin/o (combining form)
albumin (protein)
alges/o (combining form)
sensitivity to pain
-algesia (suffix)
sensitivity to pain
-algia (suffix)
pain
all/o (combining form)
other
alveol/o (combining form)
alveolus; air sac; small sac
ambly/o (combining form)
dim; dull
-amine (suffix)
nitrogen compound
amni/o (combining form)
amnion (sac surronding the embryo)
amyl/o (combining form)
starch
an/o (combining form)
anus
-an (suffix)
pertaining to
ana- (prefix)
up; apart; backward; again; anew
andr/o (combining form)
male
aneurysm/o (combining form)
aneurysm (widened blood vessel)
angi/o (combining form)
vessel (blood)
anis/o (combining form)
unequal
ankyl/o (combining form)
stiff
ante- (prefix)
before; forward
anter/o (combining form)
front
anthrac/o (combining form)
coal
anthr/o (combining form)
antrum of the stomach
anti- (prefix)
against
anxi/o (combining form)
uneasy; anxious
aort/o (combining form)
aorta (largest artery)
-apheresis (suffix)
removal
aphth/o (combining form)
ulcer
apo- (prefix)
off, away
aponeur/o (combining form)
aponeurosis (type of tendon)
append/o (combining form)
appendix
appendic/o (combining form)
appendix
aque/o (combining form)
water
-ar (suffix)
pertaining to
-arche (suffix)
beginning
arter/o (combining form)
artery
arteri/o (combining form)
artery
arteriol/o (combining form)
arteriole (small artery)
arthr/o (combining form)
joint
-arthria (suffix)
articulate (speak distinctly)
articul/o (combining form)
joint
-ary (suffix)
pertaining to
asbest/o (combining form)
asbestos
-ase (suffix)
enzyme
-asthenia (suffix)
lack of strength
atel/o (combining form)
incomplete
ather/o (combining form)
plaque (fatty substance)
-ation (suffix)
process; condition
atri/o (combining form)
atrium (upper heart chamber)
audi/o (combining form)
hearing
audit/o (combining form)
hearing
aur/o (combining form)
ear
auricul/o (combining form)
ear
auto- (prefix)
self; own
axill/o (combining form)
armpit
azot/o (combining form)
urea; nitrogen
bacill/o (combining form)
bacilli (bacteria)
bacteri/o (combining form)
bacteria
balan/o (combining form)
glans penis
bar/o (combining form)
pressure; weight
bartholin/o (combining form)
Bartholin glands
bas/o (combining form)
base; opposite of acid
bi- rubin (prefix)
two
bi/o (combining form)
life
bil/i (combining form)
bile; gall
bilirubin/o (combining form)
bilirubin
-blast (suffix)
embryonic; immature
-blastona (suffix)
immature tumor (cells)
blephar/o (combining form)
eyelid
bol/o (combining form)
cast; throw
brachi/o (combining form)
arm
brachy- (prefix)
short
brady- (prefix)
slow
bronch/o (combining form)
bronchial tube
bronchi/o (combining form)
bronchial tube
bronchiol/o (combining form)
bronchiole
bucc/o (combining form)
check
bunion/o (combining form)
bunion
burs/o (combining form)
bursa (sac of fluids near joint)
byssin/o (combining form)
cotton dust
cac/o (combining form)
bad
calc/o (combining form)
calcium
calcane/o (combining form)
calcaneus (heel bone)
calci/o (combining form)
calcium
cali/o (combining form)
calyx
calic/o (combining form)
calyx
capillar/o (combining form)
capillary (tiniest blood vessel)
capn/o (combining form)
carbon dioxide
-capnia (suffux)
carbon dioxide
carcin/o (combining form)
cancerous; cancer
cardi/o (combining form)
heart
carp/o (combining form)
wrist bones (carpals)
cata- (prefix)
down
caud/o (combining form)
tail; lower part of bidy
caus/o (combining form)
burn; burning
cauter/o (combining form)
heat; burning
cec/o (combining form)
cecum (first part of the colon)
-cele (suffix)
hernia
celi/o (combining form)
belly; abdomen
-centesis (suffix)
surgical procedure to remove fluid
cephal/o (combining form)
head
carebell/o (combining form)
cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o (combining form)
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerumin/o (combining form)
cerumen
cervic/o (combining form)
neck; cervix (neck of the uterus)
-chalasia (suffix)
relaxation
-chalasis (suffix)
relaxation
cheil/o (combining form)
lip
chem/o (combining form)
drug; chemical
-chezia (suffx)
defecation; elimination of wastes
chir/o (combining form)
head
chlor/o (combining form)
green
chlorhydr/o (combining form)
hydrochloric acid
chol/e (combining form)
bile; gall
cholangi/o (combining form)
bile vessel
cholecyst/o (combining form)
gallbladder
choledoch/o (combining form)
common bile duct
cholesterol/o (combining form)
cholesterol
chondr/o (combining form)
cartilage
chore/o (combining form)
dance
chori/o (combining form)
chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)
chorion/o (combining form)
chorion
choroid/o (combining form)
choroid layer of the eye
chrom/o (combining form)
color
chron/o (combining form)
time
chym/o (combining form)
to pour
cib/o (combining form)
meal
-cide (suffix)
killing
-cidal (suffix)
pertaining to killing
cine/o (combining form)
movement
cirrh/o (combining form)
orange-yellow
cis/o (combining form)
to cut
-clasis (suffix)
to break
-clast (suffix)
to break
claustr/o (combining form)
enclosed space
clavicul/o (combining form)
clavicle (collar bone)
-clysis (suffix)
irrigation; washing
coagul/o (combining form)
coagulation (clotting)
-coccus (suffix)
-Cocci, pl.)
berry-shaped bacterium
coccyg/o (combining form)
coccyx (tailbone)
cochle/o (combining form)
cochlea (inner part of the ear)
col/o (combining form)
colon (large intestine)
coll/a (combining form)
glue
colon/o (combining form)
colon (large intestine)
colp/o (combining form)
vagina
comat/o (combining form)
deep sleep
comi/o (combining form)
to care for
con- (prefix)
together, with
coni/o (combining form)
dust
conjunctiv/o (combining form)
conjunctiva (lines of the eyelids)
-constriction (suffix)
narrowing
contra- (prefix)
against; opposite
cor/o (combining form)
pupil
core/o (combining form)
pupil
corne/o (combining form)
cornea
coron/o (combining form)
heart
corpor/o (combining form)
body
cortic/o (combining form)
cortex, outer region
cost/o (combining form)
rib
crani/o (combining form)
skull
cras/o (combining form)
mixture; temperament
crin/o (combining form)
secrete
-crine (suffix)
secrete; separate
-crit (suffix)
to separate
cry/o (combining form)
cold
crypt/o (combining form)
hidden
culd/o (combining form)
cul-de-sac
-cusis (suffix)
hearing
cutane/o (combining form)
skin
cyan/o (combining form)
blue
cycl/o (combining form)
ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle
-cyesis (suffix)
pregnancy
cyst/o (combining form)
urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
cyt/o (combining form)
cell
-cyte (suffix)
cell
-cytosis (suffix)
condition of cells; slight increase in number
dacry/o (combining form)
tear
dacryoaden/o (combining form)
tear gland
dacryocyst/o (combining form)
tear sac; lacrimal sac
dactyl/o (combining form)
fingers; toys
de- (prefix)
lack of; down; less; removal of
dem/o (combining form)
people
dent/i (combining form)
tooth
derm/o (combining form)
skin
-derma (suffix)
skin
dermat/o (combining form)
skin
desicc/o (combining form)
drying
-desis (suffix)
to bind, tie together
dia- (prefix)
complete; through
diaphor/o
sweat
-dilation
widening; stretching; expanding
dipl/o (combining form)
double
dips/o (combining form)
thrist
dist/o (combining form)
far; distant
dors/o (combining form)
back (of body)
dorsi- (prefix)
back
-dote (suffix)
to give
-drome (suffix)
to run
duct/o (combining form)
to lead, carry
duoden/o (combining form)
duodenum
dur/o (combining form)
dura mater
-dynia (suffix)
pain
dys- (prefix)
bad; painful; difficult; abnormal
-eal (suffix)
pertaining to
ec- (prefix)
out; outside
echo- (prefix)
reflected sound
-ectasia (suffix)
streching; dilation; expansion
-ectasis (suffix)
streching; dilation; expansion
ecto- (prefix)
out; outside
-ectomy (suffix)
removal; excision; resection
-edema (suffix)
swelling
-elasma (suffix)
flat plate
electr/o (combining form)
electricity
em- (prefix)
in
-ema (suffix)
condition
-emesis (suffix)
vomiting
-emia (suffix)
blood condition
-emic (suffix)
pertaining to blood condition
emmetr/o (combining form)
in due measure
en- (prefix)
in; within
encephal/o (combining form)
brain
endo- (prefix)
in; within

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