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Glossary of LPN Medical Terminology 1

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a-
Without, not, lack of
ab-
From, away from
-ac
pertaining to
acet
vinigar
acou-,acousti-, audi
hear
acr/o-
extremity
actin
ray, radius
ad-
to, toward, near
aden/o
gland
adip/o, lip
fat
aer/o
air
agglutin/o
clumping
-al
pertaining to, connected with
alb, leuko, albin/o
white
-algesi/o, algia
pain, sensitivity
aliment/o
nourish
amphi-, ambi
on both sides, both
amyl/o
starch
-an-
without, not, lack of
ana
up, positive
andr/o
male
angi/o
vessel
aniso
unequal
ankyl/o
stiff joint, fusion or growing together of parts
an/o
anus, opening of the rectum
ante-, anter/o
before, infront of , front
anti-
against
antro
antrum chamber, sinus, cavity, cavern
aort/o
aorta
aque/o
water
arachn
spide
-arche
beginning
anteri/o
little artery, arteriole, artery
arthr/o, articul
joint
-ary
pertaining to
-asthenia
without strength, weakness
asthesi/o
sensation, feeling
ather/o
fatty deposit, plaque
audi/o
hearing
aur/o
ear
auto
self
axill/o
armpit
ba
go, walk
bacteri/o
bacteria
Balan/o
Glans penis
baro
pressure, weight
bas/o
basic or alkaline
bi-, bis
two
bil/i
bile, gall
bio
life
-blast, -blast/o
embryonic, primitive, cell
blephar/o
eyelid
brachi/o
arm
brady-
slow
bronch/o, bronchus
bronchus (pl. bronchi), windpipe
bucc/o
cheek
burs/o
sac
cac
bad, abnormal
cal.
calorie
calc/i, calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneum, heel bone, stone
calor, thermo
heat
capit, cephal
head
-capnia
carbon dioxide, CO2
carcin/o
cancer, crab
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
wrist, carpus
caud
tail
caus/o
burn, burning
-cele
tumor, hernia, swelling, protrusion
celi/o
abdomen
cent
100
cente, -centesis
to puncture, puncture to withdraw fluid
centr
point, center
cephal/o
head
cept
take, receive
cer
wax
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cervic/o, trache
neck, cervix
-chalasis
relaxation
cheil/o, labi
lip
cheir, chir
hand
chem/o
chemical drug
chlor/o
green
cholangi/o
bile duct
chol/e, cholo
bile, gall
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/e
common, bile duct
chondr/o
cartilage
-chrome, -chrom/o
color
-cide
cut, kill
circum-
around
cirrh/o
yellow, tawny
-cis/o
to cut
coagul/o
clotting
clasis
breakdown
clavic
collar bone
clysis
irrigate, wash, break down
co, com, con
with, together, cohesion
-cocc, coccus
round bacteria, berry-shaped
col/o
colon
colp/o
vagina
contra-
against
coron/o
heart
corpor
body
cost/o
ribs
crani/o
skull bones, cranium, skull
-crin/o
to secrete
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
-cusis
hearing
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cyst/o
bladder, sac, cyst
cyt/o, cyte
cell
dacry/o
tear, tear duct
dactyl/o, digit
appendage (finder or toe)
de
away from, down from
deca
ten
dent/o, odont, dent/i
tooth
-derm/o, dermat/o
skin
-desis
binding, stabalization, fusion
dextr/o
to the right of, right-handed
di-
two, twice
dia-
through, across, apart and separate
diaphor/o
profuse sweating
diplo-
double
-dips/o
thirst
dis
separate, free, undo, from, apart, twice, doubly
disco
disk
dist/o
away from
dors/o
back of body
duoden/o
duodenum
dur/o
hard
-dynia, dyno, dys
pain, bad, difficult
e, ec
out from
ectasis
dilation, expansion
ecto-
outside
-ectomy
excision, removal
-ectopo, ectopia
misplaced, displaced
ede
swell
electro
electricity
em, en, im, in
in, within, inside
-emesis, emetic
vomit
-emia
blood condition (of)
encephal/o
brain
endo-
in, within, inner
enter/o
small intestines
eosin/o
red, rosy, dawn-colored
epi-
uppon, over, in addition to, above
episi/o
vulva
erythem/o, erythro
redness
erythrocyt/o
red cell
erg/o
work
escent
beginning to be
esis
action, process, result, condition
esophag-
esophagus
-esthesia
feeling, sensation
estr/o
female
eu-
good, easy, well, normal
ex, externo, extro, exto, exo
out, out from, out of, away from
faci
face
febr
fever, fiber
ferent
carry, bear, information
ferr
iron
fet/i, fet/o
fetus
fibrin/o
fiber, connective tissue
fiss
split
flex/o
to bend
fluoro
fluorescence
funct
perform, serve
galact/o
milk
gangli/o
swelling, ganglion
gastr/o
stomach
-gen
to produce, generate
gen, geron
old
-genesis
origin, beginning, reproducing, development
gest
bear, carry
gingiv/o
gum
-globin, globulin
protein
gloss/o
tongue
gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o
sugar, sweetness
gnoso, gnosis
know, discern, knowledge
gonad/o
sex gland
-gram
a writing, record, draw, letter
-graph
instrument, used for recording; to write
-gravida
pregnancy, heavy
gynec/o
woman, female
hemi-
half, partial
hem, hemat, hem/o
blood
hemangi/o
blood vessel
hepat/o
liver
heter/o
different, the other
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o, histi/o
tissue
home/o
likeness, resemblance, common, same
horm/o
impulse, impetus
hydr/o, hydra
water
hyper-
over, above, excessive, beyond, too much
hypn/o
sleep
hypo-
under, below, beneath, less, decreased
hyster/o
uterus, womb
-ia, ity
condition (of), process, state
-iasis
abnormal condition, formation of, presence of
-iatric
medicine, physician
iatro
treatment physician
-ic, -ical, -iac, -ile, -ior
pertaining to
ichthyl/o
scaly, dry
ician
specialist
ile/o
lower abdomen
ili/o
ilium, hip
im-, in-
not, in, on
infra-, infer/o
under, below, beneath, after
inguin/o
groin
inter-
between, among
intestin/o
intestines
intra-, intro
in, within, inside
is/o
equal, same
ischi/o
ischium, hip
-ism
condition, state of being, practice of
-ist
one who specializes
-itis
inflammation
-ize
to make, to use
ject
throw
jejun/o
jejunum
kal/i
potassium
kerat/o
cornea; hornlike
kilo
1,000
kinesi/o, kine, kinesia
movement
kyph/o
hump
labi/o
lip
lacrim/o
tear
lact/o
milk
lapar/o
abdominal wall, abdomin, loin, flank

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