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Glossary of LOM Ch 5 End of Chapter Terminology

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achlorhydria
lack of gastric juices/acids.
rectocele
rectal hernia
celiac
pertaining to the abdomen.
cholelithiasis
abnormal condition of gallstones.
sialadenitis
inflammation of salivary glands
mesentery
membrane that is part of double fold of peritoneum-stretches around ab organs & holds them in place. Located in the middle of intestines, Attaches intestines to muscle wall at back of abdomen
cholecystectomy
removal/excision of the gallbladder
entercolitis
inflammation of small & large intestines
cecal
pertaining to the first part of the large intestine.
buccal mucosa
epithelial cells (mucus membrane) lining inside the cheek.
choledochotomy
incision; to cut into common bile duct.
cheilosis
abnormal condition of the lip.
hepatomegaly
condition of abnormally large liver.
hypoglossal
pertaining to under the tongue.
ileocecal sphincter
valve connecting small & large intestines.
insulin
hormone produced by pancreas. Transports sugar into cells from blood & stimulates glycogen production by liver.
parenteral
pertaining to away/apart from the intestines.
sialolith
stones / calculus of the salivary glands.
glycogenolysis
breakdown (conversion) of starch (glycogen) to sugar.
gluconeogenesis
process of forming new sugar from proteins & fats.
gastrostomy
creating an opening from stomach to outside the body.
gastrojejunostomy
creating an opening between stomach & jejunum (bypassing duodenum)
enamel
outermost layer of the tooth-hardest substance in the body.
endodontist
specialist in inner tooth treatment
enterocolostomy
creating an opening between small & large intestine.
colostomy
surgical creation of a new opening from the colon to outside the body
dentibuccal
pertaining to the tooth & cheek-surface of tooth against cheek
choledochojejunostomy
surgical creation of an opening between common bile duct & jejunum.

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