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Glossary of LOM CH. 15 - Muscles

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fasci/o
fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)
-asthenia
lack of strength
insertion of a muscle
Connection of the muscle to a bone that moves.
origin of a muscle
Connection of the muscle to a stationary bone.
fibr/o
fibrous connective tissue
-trophy
development, nourishment
plantar flexion
Bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
leiomy/o
smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs.
ab-
away from
abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body.
pronation
Turning the palm backward.
my/o
muscle
ad-
toward
rotation
Circular movement around a central point.
myocardi/o
heart muscle
dorsi-
back
adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body.
skeletal muscle
Muscle connected to bones; voluntary or striated muscle.
dorsiflexion
Backward (upward) bending of the foot.
smooth muscle
Muscle connected to internal organs; involuntary or visceral muscle.
poly-
many, much
extension
Straightening of a flexed limb.
striated muscle
Skeletal muscle.
myos/o
muscle
muscular dystrophy
A group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system.
fascia
Fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles.
supination
Turning the palm forward.
plant/o
sole of the foot
polymyositis
Chronic inflammatory myopathy.
flexion
Bending.
visceral muscle
Smooth muscle.
rhabdomy/o
skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones

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