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Glossary of LOM CH. 15 - Joints

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tendon
Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones.
-stenosis
narrowing
sprain
Trauma to a joint with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments.
bursa (plural: bursae)
Sac of fluid near a joint; promotes smooth sliding of one tissue against another.
ligament
Connective tissue binding bones to other bones; supports, strengthens, and stabilizes the joint.
ankyl/o
crooked, bent, stiff
rheumatoid arthritis
A chronic disease in which joints become inflamed and painful. It is believed to be caused by an immune (autoimmune) reaction against joint tissues, particularly against the synovial membrane.
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Chronic inflammatory disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart, and lungs.
suture joint
Type of joint in which apposed surfaces are closely united.
arthr/o
joint
arthritis
Inflammation of joints.
bunion
Abnormal swelling of the medial aspect of the joint between the big toe and the first metatarsal bone.
articul/o
joint
burs/o
bursa
chondr/o
cartilage
synovial cavity
Space between bones at a synovial joint; contains synovial fluid produced by the synovial membrane.
ligament/o
ligament
rheumat/o
watery flow
ankylosing spondylitis
Chronic, progressive arthritis with suffering of joints, primarily of the spine.
carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
Compression (by a wrist ligament) of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist (the carpal tunnel).
synovial fluid
Viscous (sticky) fluid within the synovial cavity.
synov/o
synovial membrane
gouty arthritis
Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body.
dislocation
Displacement of a bone from its joint.
synovial joint
A freely movable joint.
ten/o
tendon
ganglion
A fluid-filled cyst arising from the joint capsule or a tendon in the wrist.
osteoarthritis
Progressive, degenerative joint disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone (formation of osteophytes, or bone spurs) at articular surfaces.
herniation of an intervertebral disc (disk)
Abnormal protrusion of a fibrocartilaginous intervertebral disc into the neural canal or spinal nerves.
synovial membrane
Membrane lining the synovial cavity; it produces synovial fluid.
tendin/o
tendon
-desis
to bind, tie together
Lyme disease
A recurrent disorder marked by severe arthritis, myalgia, malaise, and neurologic and cardiac symptoms.
articulation
Joint

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