cueFlash

Glossary of LOM 1-3

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

a-, an-
no, not, without
abdomen
region below the chest containing internal organs (liver, intestines, stomach, gallbaldder, etc)
abdomin/o
abdomen
abdominal
pertaining to the abdomen
Abdominal cavity
space below the chest containing the stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver and gallbladder; also called the abdomen
abdominocentesis
remove fluid from the abdomen
abdominopelvic cavity
abdominal and pelvic cavities
-ac
pertaining to
achondroplasia
bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size; most common type of dwarfism
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
acrophobia
fear of heights
acu/o
sharp, severe, sudden
acute
diseas of rapid onset, sever symptoms and brief duration
aden/o
gland
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
adenoids
resembling glands
adenoma
tumor of a gland
adenopathy
disease of the glands
adip/o
fat
adipose
full of fat
adipose tissue
collection of fat cells
agor/a
marketplace
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
amni/o
amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
amniocentesis
removal of fluid from the amnion
ana-
up
anabolic
relating to anabolism
anabolism
process of building up complex materials from simple materials
anemia
blood condition of low numbers
angi/o
vessel
angiogenesis
development of new blood vessels
angiography
process of recording vessels
angioplasty
surgical repair of the blood vessel
anter/o
front
anterior (ventral)
front side of the body
-ar
pertaining to
arteri/o
artery
arteriole
small artery
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
arthr/o
joint
arthralgia
pain in the joint
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
-ary
pertaining to
atrophy
shrinkage of cells
auto-
self
autopsy
viewing by one's self
axill/o
armpit
axillary
pertaining to the armpit
basophil
granules stain blue with basic stain; play a role in inflammation
bio/o
life
biology
study of life
biopsy
viewing life
blephar/o
eyelid
blepharoptosis
drooping eyelid
bol-
to cast
bol/o
to cast (throw)
bronch/o
bronchial tubes
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchial tubes
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
carcinogenesis
condition of producing cancer
carcinogenic
pertaining to cancer
carcinoma
cancerous tumor
cardi/o
heart
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
cardiology
study of the heart
cardiomyopathy
disease condition of the heart muscle
cartilage
flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints
cata-
down
catabolism
process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy
-cele
hernia
cell membrane
surrounds & protects the cell; determines what enters and leaves the cell
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o
head
cephalic
pertaining to the head
cerebr/o
cerebrum - largest part of the brain
cerebral
pertaining to the cerebrum
cervic/o
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
cervical
pertaining to the neck
cervical vertebra
neck region, 7 cervical vertebra C1-C7
chem/o
drug, chemical
chemotherapy
treatment with chemicals
chondr/o
cartilage
chondroma
tumor of the cartilage
chondromalacia
softening of the cartilage
chondrosarcoma
malignant tumor of the cartilage
chrom/o
color
chromosomes
rod-like structures within the nucleus that contain regions of DNA; bodies of color
chron/o
time
chronic
pertaining to time
circulatory system
heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland
cis/o
to cut
-coccus (-cocci)
berry-shaped bacterium (plural: bacteria)
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
coccygeal vertebra
coccyx (tailbone) is a small bone composed of four fused pieces
col/o
colon (large intestine)
colostomy
making an opening from the colon to the outside of the body
combining form
combination of the root and the combining vowel
combining vowel
links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
crani/o
skull
cranial
pertaining to the skull
cranial cavity
brain, pituitary gland
craniotomy
process of cutting the skull
crin/o
secrete (to from and give out)
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
cystocele
occurs when part of the urinary bladder herinates through the vaginal wall due to weakened pelvic muscles - hernia in the bladder
cystoscopy
visual examination of the urinary bladder
cyt/o
cell
-cyte
cell
cytology
study of cells
cytoplasm
includes all material outside the nucleus and enclosed in the cell membrane
deep
away from the surface
dermat/o
skin
dermatitis
inflammation of skin
dermatology
study of the skin
dermo/o
skin
dia-
complete
diagnosis
state of complete knowledge
diaphragm
muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
digestive system
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines (small & large), liver, gallbladder, pancreas
disk
a pad of cartilage between vertebrae
dist/o
far, distant
distal
far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure; pertaining to the distant
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid - regulates the activities of the cell by its sequence on each chromosome
dors/o
back portion of the body
dorsal (posterior)
pertaining to the back
-dynia
pain
-eal
pertaining to
-ectomy
excision or removal
electro/o
electricity
electrocardiogram
record of electricity in the heart
electroencephalogram
record of electricity in the brain
electroencephalograph
instrument for recording electricity in the brain
electroencephalography
process of recording electricity in the brain
-emia
blood condition
encephal/o
brain
endo-
within
endocrine gland
secrete within
endocrine system
thyroid gland, pituitary gland, sex glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, parathryoid glands
endocrinologist
one who specializes in internal secretions
endocrinology
study of internal secretions
endoplasmic reticulum
a network of canals within the cell
endoscope
instrument for visual examination within the body
endoscopy
visually examining within
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestines)
enteritis
inflammation of the intestines
enteropathy
disease of the intestines
eosinophil
granules stain red with acidic stain; active & elevated in allergic conditions such as asthma
epi-
above, upon
epidermis
above the dermis
epigastric
above the stomach
epigastric region
region above the stomach
epithelial cell
skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organs
-er
one who
erythr/o
red
erythrocyte
red cell
erythropenia
deficiency in the number of red blood cells
ex-
out
excision
process of cutting out
exo-
out
exocrine glands
secrete out
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
gastr/o
stomach
gastrectomy
removal of the stomach
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
gastroenterology
study of the condition of the stomach
gastrotomy
process of cutting into the stomach
genes
regions of DNA within each chromosomes
-genesis
condition of producing, forming
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
-globin
family of proteins
glyc/o
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
-gram
record
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
gynec/o
woman, female
gynecologist
one who specializes in women
gynecology
study of woman
hem/o
blood
hemat/o
blood
hematology
study of blood
hematoma
mass of blood
hemoglobin
blood protein
hemolysis
breakdown of red blood cells
hemostasis
stopping blood flow
hepat/o
liver
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
hepatoma
tumor of the liver
hernia
protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it
hiatal hernia
occurs when the stomach protrudes upward into the mediastinum through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm
hist/o
tissue
histologist
scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
hydr/o
water, fluid
hydronephrosis
dilation of the pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys
hydrotheraphy
treatment with water
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hyperglycemia
above normal sugar
hypertrophy
over development
hypo-
deficient, below, under, less than normal
hypochondriac regions
two upper right and left regions below the cartilage of the ribs that extend over the abdomen
hypodermic
under the skin
hypogastric
below the stomach
hypogastric region
lower middle region below the umbilical region
hypoglycemia
below normal sugar
-ia
condition
-iac
pertaining to
iatr/o
treatment
iatrogenic
produced by the treatment
-ic
pertaining to
-ical
pertaining to
ili/o
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
iliac
pertaining to the ilium
in-
into, in
incision
process of cutting into
inferior
below another surface
inguin/o
groin
inguinal
pertaining to the groin
inguinal hernia
occurs when part of the intestine protrudes downward into the groin region and commonly into the scrotal sac in the male
inguinal regions
two lower right and left regions near the groin, which is the area where the legs join the trunk of the body
inter-
between
intervertebral
pertaining to between the vertebrae
-ion
process
-ior
pertaining to
isch/o
to hold back
ischemia
hold back blood
-ism
process
-ist
one who specializes in a field of medicine
-itis
inflammation
kary/o
nucleus
karyotype
picture of the nucleus
lapar/o
abdomen, abdominal wall
laparoscope
instrument for visual examination of the abdomen
laparoscopy
process of visual examination of the abdomen
laparotomy
to cut into the abdominal wall
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
laryngeal
pertaining to the larynx
laryngectomy
removal of the larynx
larynx
voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea
later/o
side
lateral
pertaining to the side
left upper quadrant (LUQ)
contains teh liver (left lobe), sotomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines
leuk/o
white
leukemia
condition of the white blood cells
leukocyte
white cell
leukocytosid
increase in white blood cells
-logy
study of

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards