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Glossary of Kozier 23: Care of the Older Adult

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Activity theory
the best way to age is to stay active physically and mentally
Cataracts
opacity of the lens or capsule of the eye
Climacteric
the point in development when reproduction capacity in the female terminates (menopause) and the sexual activity of the male decreases (andropause)
Continuity theory
people maintain their values, habits, and behavior in old age
Dementia
a global impairment of cognitive function that usually is progressive and may be permanent, interferes with normal social and occupational activities
Disengagement theory
aging involves mutual withdrawal (disengagement) between the older person and others in the elderly person’s environment
Dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing
Frail elderly
the elderly individual who has significant physiologic and functional impairment, whatever the age
Generativity
concern for establishing and guiding the next generation
Hypothermia
a core body temperature below the lower limit of normal
Kyphosis
excessive convex curvature of the thoracic spine
Long-term theory
the repository for information stored for periods longer than 72 hours and usually weeks and years
Maturity
the state of maximal function and integration; the state of being fully developed
Menopause
cessation of menstruation
Osteoporosis
demineralization of the bone
Papanicolaou (Pap) test
a method of taking a sample of cervical cells for microscopic examination to detect malignancy
Pathologic fractures
spontaneous fractures which elderly persons are more prone
Perception
the ability to interpret the environment through the senses
Presbycusis
Perceploss of hearing related to aging
Recent memory
deals with activities or the recent past of minutes to a few hours
Sensory memory
momentary perception of stimuli by the senses
Short-term memory
information held in the brain for immediate use or what one has in mind at a given moment

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