Glossary of Kind of Learning
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- A type of learning in which the consequences of behavior are manipulated in order to increase or decrease the frequency of an existing response or to shape an entirely new response
- Operant Conditiong
- A type of learning through which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another.
- Classical Conditioning
- Learning by observing the behavior of others and the consequences of that behavior; learning by imitation.
- Observational Learning
- A stimulus that elicits a specific unconditioned response without prior learning.
- Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
- A neutral stimulus that, after repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus, becomes associated with it and elicits a conditioned response
- Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
- The learned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus as a result of its repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus
- Conditioned Response (CR)
- In classical conditioning, the weakening and eventual disapearance of the conditioned response as a result of repeated presentation of the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus
- In classical condtioning, the tendency to make a condtioned response to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus.
- The learned ability to distinguish between similar stimuli so that the condtioned response occurs only to the original conditioned stimulus but not to similar stimuli.
- A systematic process for administering partial reinforcement that produces a distinct rate and pattern of responses and degree of resistance to extinction
- Schedule of Reinforcement
- A schedule in which a reinforcer is given after a fixed number of correct, nonreinforced responses.
- Fixed-ration Schedule
- A schedule in which a reinforcer is given after a verying number of nonreinforced responses, based on an average ratio.
- Variable-ratio Schedule
- A schedule in which a reinforcer is given following the first correct responses after a specific period of time has elapsed.
- Fixed-interval Schedule
- A schedule in which a reinforcer is given after the first correct response that follows a varying time of nonreinforcement, based on an average time.
- Variable-Interval Schedule
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