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Glossary of Kaplan's SAT Vocab (A)

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abandon
n. total lack of inhibition
abate
v. to decrease, to reduce
abet
v. to aid; to act as an accomplice
abjure
v. to renounce under oath; to abandon forever; to abstain from
abnegate
v. to give up; to deny to oneself
abortive
adj. ending without results
abrogate
v. to annul; to abolish by authoritative action
abscond
v. to leave quickly in secret
abstemious
adj. done sparingly; consuming in moderation
accede
v. to express approval, to agree to
acclivity
n. an incline or upward slope, the ascending side of a hill
accretion
n. a growth in size, an increase in amount
acme
n. the highest level or degree attainable
actuate
v. to put into motion, to activate; to motivate or influence to activity
acuity
n. sharp vision or perception characterized by the ability to resolve fine detail
acumen
n. sharpness of insight, mind, and understanding; shrewd judgment
adamant
adj. stubbornly unyielding
adept
adj. extremely skilled
adjudicate
v. to hear and settle a matter; to act as a judge
adjure
v. to appeal to
admonish
v. to caution or warn gently in order to correct something
adroit
adj. skillful; accomplished; highly competent
adulation
n. excessive flattery or admiration
adumbrate
v. to give a hint or indication of something to come
aerie
n. a nest built high in the air; an elevated, often secluded, dwelling
affected
adj. phony, artificial
aggregate
n. a collective mass, the sum total
algorithm
n. an established procedure for solving a problem or equation
alimentary
adj. 1. pertaining to food, nutrition, or digestion; 2. providing nourishment
allay
v. to lessen, ease, reduce in intensity
amity
n. friendship, good will
amorphous
adj. having no definite form
animus
n. a feeling of animosity or ill will
anodyne
n. a source of comfort; a medicine that relieves pain
anomaly
n. a deviation from the common rule, something that is difficult to classify
anthropomorphic
adj. suggesting human characteristics for animals and inanimate things
antiquated
adj. too old to be fashionable or useful
aphorism
n. a short statement of a principle
aplomb
n. self-confident assurance; poise
apostate
n. one who renounces a religious faith
apposite
adj. strikingly appropriate or well adapted
apprise
v. to give notice to, inform
appropriate
v. to assign to a particular purpose, allocate
arable
adj. suitable for cultivation
arcane
adj. secret, obscure; known only to a few
archipelago
n. a large group of islands
arrears
n. unpaid, overdue debts or bills; neglected obligations
arrogate
v. to claim without justification; to claim for oneself without right
askance
adv. with disapproval; with a skeptical sideways glance
assent
v. to agree, as to a proposal
atavistic
adj. characteristic of a former era, ancient
autocrat
n. a dictator
aver
v. to declare to be true; to affirm
avuncular
adj. like an uncle in behavior, especially in kindness and warmth
awry
adv. crooked, askew, amiss

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